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Table 4 Association between S. mansoni infection and demographic variables

From: Association between Schistosoma mansoni infection and access to improved water and sanitation facilities in Mwea, Kirinyaga County, Kenya

Variables S. mansoni OR (95% CI) P-value
Positive Negative
Sex
 Female 141(22.1) 497(77.9) REF  
 Male 68(25.5) 199(74.5) 1.204(0.863–1.680) 0.273
Total 209 696   
Age (years)
  > 55 36(26.1) 102(73.9) REF  
 46–55 36(24.2) 113(75.8) 0.903(0.529–1.540) 0.707
 36–45 53(19.3) 221(80.7) 0.679(0.419–1.102) 0.116
 26–35 69(25.7) 199(74.3) 0.982(0.615–1.569) 0.941
  ≤ 25 15(19.7) 61(80.3) 0.697(0.353–1.376) 0.297
Total 209 696   
Marital status
 Single/Widow(er)/Divorced 66(22.5) 227(77.5) REF  
 Married 143(23.4) 469(76.6) 1.049(0.752–1.462) 0.779
 Total 209 696   
Religion
 Others 6(13.6) 38(86.4) REF  
 Christian 203(23.6) 658(76.4) 1.954(0.814–4.688) 0.127
 Total 209 696   
Education
 Secondary & Post-secondary 8(25.8) 23(74.2) REF  
 Secondary (Incomplete) 28(18.7) 122(81.3) 0.660(0.267–1.628) 0.365
 Primary (Complete) 82(22.0) 291(78.0) 0.810(0.349–1.878) 0.623
 Primary (Incomplete) 78(27.9) 202(72.1) 1.110(0.476–2.587) 0.809
 No formal education 13(18.3) 58(81.7) 0.644(0.236–1.759) 0.389
 Total 209 696   
Occupation
 Farmer 50(8.7) 522(91.3) REF  
 Business person 64(52.0) 59(48.0) 1.248(0.845–1.843) 0.265
 Casual labourer 68(43.3) 89(56.7) 0.879(0.616–1.255) 0.477
 Others 27(50.9) 26(49.1) 1.195(0.680–2.098) 0.535
Total 209 696   
Village
 Gakungu 27(25.2) 80(74.8) REF  
 Karima 21(18.4) 93(81.6) 0.669(0.351–1.274) 0.220
 Rurumi 72(31.3) 158(68.7) 1.350(0.805–2.266) 0.255
 Kasarani 34(28.1) 87(71.9) 1.158(0.642–2.088) 0.626
 Kirogo 7(7.0) 93(93.0) 0.223(0.092–0.540) < 0.001
 Kamucege 29(22.7) 99(77.3) 0.868(0.476–1.584) 0.644
 Block 19(18.1) 86(81.9) 0.655(0.338–1.268) 0.207
Total 209 696   
  1. N = 905