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Table 2 Household access to water sources and sanitation facilities aggregated by villages (N = 905)

From: Association between Schistosoma mansoni infection and access to improved water and sanitation facilities in Mwea, Kirinyaga County, Kenya

Characteristic Karima N (%) Rurumi N (%) Kasarani N (%) Kirogo N (%) Kamucege N (%) Block N (%) Gakungu N (%) Total
Source of water
 Piped water 0 (0) 7 (3.0) 19 (15.7) 9 (9.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 13 (12.1) 48 (5.3)
 Borehole 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 49 (49.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0(0) 49 (5.4)
 Protected dug well 0 (0) 0(0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 10(9.5) 6 (4.7) 6 (0.7)
 Rainwater collection 2 (1.8) 21 (9.1) 2 (1.7) 1 (1.0) 0 (0) 2 (1.9) 4 (3.7) 32 (3.5)
 Other sources 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (4.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0(0) 5 (0.6)
 Surface water/ unprotected dug well 112(98.2) 202 (87.2) 95 (78.5) 41 (41.0) 128 (100) 103 (98.1) 84 (78.5) 765 (84.5)
Time taken to fetch water
 On premises 0 (0) 59 (25.7) 93 (76.9) 49 (49.0) 19 (14.8) 23 (21.9) 54 (50.5) 297 (32.8)
 Less than thirty minutes 111 (97.4) 147 (63.9) 28 (23.1) 51 (51.0) 109 (85.2) 82 (78.1) 50 (46.7) 578 (63.9)
 More than thirty minutes 3 (2.6) 24 (10.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (2.8) 30 (3.3)
Sanitation facility
 VIP/Simple latrine with floor slab 98 (86.0) 149 (64.8) 104 (85.9) 91 (91.0) 87 (68.0) 60 (57.1) 89 (83.2) 678 (74.8)
 Pit latrine without floor slab 16 (14) 62 (27.0) 12 (9.9) 7 (7.0) 38 (29.7) 45 (42.9) 18 (16.8) 198 (21.9)
 Other 0 (0) 8 (3.5) 5 (4.2) 2 (2.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 15 (1.7
 No facility 0 (0) 11 (4.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (2.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 14 (1.6)
Reported sanitation access
 Shared 25 (78.1) 45 (20.5) 30 (24.8) 25 (25.0) 33 (25.8) 18 (17.1) 18 (16.8) 194 (21.7)
 Not shared 89 (21.9) 174 (79.5) 91 (75.2) 75 (75.0) 95 (74.2) 87 (82.9) 89 (83.2) 700 (78.3)
Toilet in use
 Yes 114 (100) 226 (98.3) 120 (99.2) 100 (100) 0 (0) 103 (98.1) 107 (100) 898 (99.2)
 No 0 (0) 4 (1.7) 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (1.9) 0 (0) 7 (0.8)
Visible faeces on the edges
 Yes 17 (14.9) 52 (27.4) 10 (8.3) 21 (21.0) 37 (28.9) 31 (29.5) 20 (18.7) 188 (21.0)
 No 97 (85.1) 167 (72.6) 111 (91.7) 79 (79.0) 91 (71.1) 74 (70.5) 87 (81.3) 706 (79.0)
Household has child (ren) under 3 years
 Yes 17 (14.9) 74 (32.2) 37 (30.6) 28 (28.0) 26 (20.3) 19 (18.1) 47 (43.9) 248 (27.4)
 No 97 (85.1) 156 (67.8) 84 (69.4) 72 (72.0) 102(79.7) 86 (81.9) 60 (56.1) 657 (72.6)
Disposal of feaces for under 3 years
 Child used toilet/ latrine 1 (6.0) 15 (20.3) 12 (32.4) 8 (28.6) 13 (50) 13 (68.4) 16 (30.1) 78(31.4)
 Other 16 (94.0) 55 (74.3) 24 (64.9) 17 (60.7) 12 (46.2) 0 (0) 30 (63.8) 154 (62.1)
 Put/ rinsed in toilet/ latrine 0 (0) 4 (5.4) 1 (0.7) 3 (10.7) 1 (3.8) 6 (31.6) 1 (6.1) 16 (6.5)
  1. N = 905 Karima N = 114, Rurumi N = 230, Kasarani N = 121, Kirogo N = 100, Kamucege N = 128, Block N = 105, Gakungu =107