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Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression models on the patient-related variables and antimicrobial resistance of the S. aureus and S. pneumoniae

From: Patient-related factors, antibiotic prescribing and antimicrobial resistance of the commensal Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in a healthy population - Hungarian results of the APRES study

Variables S. aureus resistance
All practices Adult practices Paediatric practices
Odds Ratio p-value Odds Ratio p-value Odds Ratio p-value
Patient variables
 Age groups (over 18 years/under 18 years) 0.42 0.004 0.64 0.693 0.44 0.269
 Gender (male/female) 0.79 0.322 0.92 0.765 0.42 0.083
 Job - Livestock (yes/no) 0.91 0.970 1.01 0.980 N/A N/A
 Job - Nursery (yes/no) 0.55 0.329 0.89 0.967 N/A N/A
 Job - Healthcare (yes/no) 0.90 0.903 0.95 0.952 N/A N/A
 Living with children (yes/no) 0.79 0.537 0.67 0.428 1.12 0.859
 Number of GP visits
  1–4 visits/none 0.60 0.528 0.77 0.757 0.11 0.969
  5 + visits/none 0.90 0.898 1.18 0.859 0.10 0.971
Variables S. pneumoniae resistance
All practices Adult practices Paediatric practices
Odds Ratio p-value Odds Ratio p-value Odds Ratio p-value
Patient variables
 Age groups (over 18 years/under 18 years) 0.89 < 0.001 1.00 0.842 0.79 0.785
 Gender (male/female) 1.45 0.425 1.87 0.503 1.27 0.646
 Job - Livestock (yes/no) 1.23 0.873 3.59 0.430 N/A N/A
 Job - Nursery (yes/no) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Job - Healthcare (yes/no) 3.71 0.324 3.07 0.206 N/A N/A
 Living with children (yes/no) 1.23 0.019 0.29 0.409 0.34 0.085
 Number of GP visits
  1–4 visits/none 0.98 0.988 1.37 0.962 1.08 0.933
  5 + visits/none 0.98 0.925 0.93 0.409 1.03 0.978
  1. [significant results marked in bold]