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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with community-onset Escherichia coli bacteremia

From: Prevalence of and risk factor for community-onset third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli bacteremia at a medical center in Taiwan

Characteristic Overall (n = 676) 3GC-susceptible (n = 543) 3GC-resistant (n = 133)
Age, years, mean ± SD 67.1 ± 15.5 66.8 ± 15.5 68.0 ± 15.2
Sex, femalea 419 (62.0) 347 (63.9) 72 (54.1)
Hospitalization within the past 1 yeara 305 (45.1) 215 (39.6) 90 (67.7)
Exposure to antibiotics within the past 15 daysa 55 (8.2) 32 (5.9) 23 (17.3)
Medical facility utilizationa:
 OPD for hypertension/ diabetes mellitus 473 (70.0) 373 (68.7) 100 (75.2)
 OPD for chemotherapy 95 (14.0) 65 (12.0) 30 (22.6)
 Hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis 24 (3.6) 14 (2.6) 10 (7.5)
 Nursing home/Long-term care facility 12 (1.8) 6 (1.1) 6 (4.5)
Charlson comorbidity index, median (range) 2 (0–13) 2 (0–11) 3 (0–13)
Indwelling mucosal cathetera 129 (19.1) 84 (15.5) 45 (33.8)
Indwelling intravenous cathetera 100 (14.8) 64 (11.8) 36 (27.1)
Primary focusa:
 Primary bacteremia 75 (11.1) 54 (9.9) 21 (15.8)
 Urinary tract 335 (49.6) 282 (51.9) 53 (39.9)
 Intra-abdomen 182 (26.9) 143 (26.3) 39 (29.3)
 Pulmonary 7 (1.0) 2 (0.4) 5 (3.8)
 Others 23 (3.3) 17 (3.1) 5 (3.8)
 Unknown 55 (8.1) 45 (8.3) 10 (7.5)
Neutropeniaa 25 (3.7) 18 (3.3) 7 (5.3)
Hospital days, median (range) 15 (0–159) 14 (0–157) 18 (0–159)
  1. a Data are presented as no. (%) of patients
  2. Abbreviation: 3GC third-generation cephalosporin, OPD outpatient department