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Table 4 Sample Prevalence, Latent Class Probability, and Conditional Probability of the Final 3-Class Model for the Analytic Sample (N = 502), Eswatini 2014

From: Stigma and outness about sexual behaviors among cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women in Eswatini: a latent class analysis

  Total N (%) Low stigma High stigma, not “out” High stigma, “out”
Unconditional probability of each class   0.54 0.11 0.34
Conditional probability of endorsing each item
Personal-life stigma as a result of having sex with men
 Felt excluded at family gatherings 125 (25) 0.06 0.02 0.62
 Felt that family members made discriminatory remarks or gossiped 165 (33) 0.16 0.00 0.71
 Felt rejected by friends 109 (22) 0.09 0.00 0.48
Social stigma/violence as a result of having sex with men
 Felt police refused to protect you 71 (14) 0.05 0.15 0.28
 Felt scared to walk around in public places 194 (39) 0.24 0.01 0.73
 Verbally harassed 220 (44) 0.25 0.00 0.87
 Blackmailed 110 (22) 0.12 0.04 0.44
 Physically hurt 96 (19) 0.02 0.62 0.33
 Tortured 87 (17) 0.03 0.67 0.25
Healthcare stigma as a result of having sex with men
 Felt not treated well in a health center 53 (11) 0.00 0.51 0.15
 Heard healthcare providers gossiping 70 (14) 0.02 0.55 0.21
 Felt afraid to go to healthcare services 187 (37) 0.07 0.85 0.72
 Avoided going to healthcare services 178 (36) 0.05 0.79 0.72
Openness about sexual behaviors
 Told any family member or any family member knows he has sex with men 218 (43) 0.38 0.11 0.63
 Told any healthcare provider or any healthcare provider knows he has sex with men 102 (20) 0.15 0.05 0.34