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Table 7 Female sex worker stigma metric factor structure and loadings in Burkina Faso and Togo

From: Development and reliability of metrics to characterize types and sources of stigma among men who have sex with men and female sex workers in Togo and Burkina Faso

City Ouagadougou Bobo-Dioulasso Lomé Kara
  Alpha = 0.72 Variance = 2.97 Proportion = 41% Alpha = 0.69 Variance = 2.82 Proportion = 36% Alpha = 0.75 Variance = 2.60 Proportion = 38% Alpha = 0.76 Variance = 2.80 Proportion = 39%
Factor 1: Experienced stigma
 1. Police harassed 0.485 0.510 0.531 0.612
 2. Arrested 0.574 0.600 0.557 0.500
 3. Verbally harassed 0.485 0.280 0.638 0.598
 4. Blackmailed 0.411 0.403 0.506 0.671
 5. Physically abused 0.695 0.371 0.671 0.612
 6. Tortured 0.216 0.127 0.563 0.409
 7. Forced sex 0.377 0.399 0.421 0.542
  Alpha = 0.37 Variance = 1.18 Proportion = 16% Alpha = 0.72 Variance = 1.95 Proportion = 25% Alpha = 0.56 Variance = 1.56 Proportion = 23% Alpha = 0.31 Variance = 0.97 Proportion = 14%
Factor 2: Experienced healthcare stigma
 1. Denied care 0.558 0.849 0.675 N/A
 2. Not treated well 0.200 0.814 0.728 0.285
 3. Health workers gossiped 0.365 0.409 0.308 0.463
  Alpha = 0.89 Variance = 2.53 Proportion = 35% Alpha = 0.85 Variance = 2.62 Proportion = 33% Alpha = 0.74 Variance = 1.67 Proportion = 25% Alpha = 0.92 Variance = 2.06 Proportion = 29%
Factor 3: Anticipated healthcare stigma
 1. Afraid to seek care 0.889 0.856 0.648 0.894
 2. Avoided care 0.883 0.858 0.764 0.914
  Alpha = 0.76 Variance = 2.75 Proportion = 38% Alpha = 0.73 Variance = 3.31 Proportion = 42% Alpha = 0.59 Variance = 1.17 Proportion = 17% Alpha = 0.68 Variance = 1.76 Proportion = 25%
Factor 4: Stigma from family and friends
 1. Family excluded 0.816 0.842 0.590 0.625
 2. Family gossiped 0.815 0.802 0.592 0.700
 3. Friends rejected 0.423 0.436 0.163 0.449
  Alpha = 0.67 Variance = 2.79 Proportion = 39% Alpha = 0.69 Variance = 3.39 Proportion = 43% Alpha = 0.32 Variance = 1.28 Proportion = 19% Alpha = 0.48 Variance = 1.54 Proportion = 22%
Factor 5: Stigma from police
 1. Police refused 0.327 0.284 0.113 −0.070
 2. Avoided carrying condoms 0.430 0.551 0.088 0.034
 3. Police confiscated 0.583 0.614 0.649 0.245
 4. Witnessed confiscation 0.672 0.818 0.637 0.788
 5. Heard about confiscation 0.712 0.678 0.369 0.816
Total Alpha = 0.82 Alpha = 0.82 Alpha = 0.73 Alpha = 0.77
KRa=0.82 KR = 0.82 KR = 0.70 KR = 0.77
 Mean (SD) 4.313 (3.651) 4.277 (3.575) 2.444 (2.366) 2.679 (2.739)
 Median 3 3 2 2
  1. aKuder-Richardson coefficient