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Table 6 MSMa stigma metric factor structure and loadings in Burkina Faso and Togo

From: Development and reliability of metrics to characterize types and sources of stigma among men who have sex with men and female sex workers in Togo and Burkina Faso

City Ouagadougou Bobo-Dioulasso Lomé Kara
  Alpha = 0.59 Variance = 1.58 Proportion = 37% Alpha = 0.48 Variance = 1.36 Proportion = 24% Alpha = 0.64 Variance = 2.29 Proportion = 39% Alpha = 0.63 Variance = 2.14 Proportion = 36%
Factor 1: Experienced stigma
 1. Police refused 0.471 0.530 0.123 0.995
 2. Arrested 0.588 0.572 0.291 0.995
 3. Verbally harassed 0.121 0.105 0.605 −0.004
 4. Blackmailed 0.175 0.124 0.481 −0.006
 5. Physically abused 0.206 0.194 0.096 −0.080
 6. Tortured 0.562 −0.126 0.281 0.260
 7. Forced sex 0.410 0.074 0.646 −0.076
  Alpha = 0.39 Variance = 1.53 Proportion = 36% Alpha = 0.78 Variance = 2.69 Proportion = 46% Alpha = 0.33 Variance = 1.24 Proportion = 21% Alpha = 0.18 Variance = 1.87 Proportion = 27%
Factor 2: Experienced healthcare stigma
 1. Denied care 0.199 0.808 0.488 N/A
 2. Not treated well 0.564 0.694 0.464 0.178
 3. Health workers gossiped 0.370 0.697 0.474 0.196
 4. Difficulties 0.249 0.700 0.239 0.051
  Alpha = 0.87 Variance = 1.51 Proportion = 35% Alpha = 0.92 Variance = 2.22 Proportion = 38% Alpha = 0.88 Variance = 2.12 Proportion = 36% Alpha = 0.88 Variance = 1.75 Proportion = 25%
Factor 3: Anticipated healthcare stigma
 1. Afraid to seek care 0.833 0.913 0.832 0.850
 2. Avoided care 0.837 0.907 0.794 0.859
  Alpha = 0.55 Variance = 2.01 Proportion = 47% Alpha = 0.60 Variance = 1.70 Proportion = 29% Alpha = 0.77 Variance = 2.89 Proportion = 50% Alpha = 0.76 Variance = 2.52 Proportion = 36%
Factor 4: Stigma from family and friends
 1. Family excluded 0.352 0.580 0.737 0.748
 2. Family gossiped 0.648 0.619 0.748 0.773
 3. Friends rejected 0.521 0.509 0.720 0.589
Total Alpha = 0.71 Alpha = 0.71 Alpha = 0.77 Alpha = 0.75
KRb=0.71 KR = 0.71 KR = 0.77 KR = 0.75
 Mean (SD) 2.753 (2.407) 2.053 (2.151) 1.220 (1.971) 1.350 (1.975)
 Median 2 1 0 0
  1. amen who have sex with men
  2. bKuder-Richardson coefficient