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Table 4 Stigma item frequencies in the female sex worker stigma metric in Burkina Faso and Togo

From: Development and reliability of metrics to characterize types and sources of stigma among men who have sex with men and female sex workers in Togo and Burkina Faso

City Ouagadougou (n = 349) Bobo-Dioulasso (n = 350) Lomé (n = 354) Kara (n = 330)
Factor 1: Experienced stigma
 1. Police harassed 28.9% (101/349) 48.4% (169/349) 29.7% (105/354) 22.4% (74/330)
 2. Arrested 32.6% (113/347) 44.8% (155/346) 25.1% (89/354) 13.3% (44/330)
 3. Verbally harassed 63.6% (222/349) 55.4% (194/350) 35.9% (127/354) 37.3% (123/330)
 4. Blackmailed 19.9% (69/347) 42.0% (147/350) 20.6% (73/354) 36.2% (119/329)
 5. Physically abused 49.9% (163/327) 44.2% (153/346) 22.0% (78/354) 19.4% (64/330)
 6. Tortured 13.0% (44/338) 17.6% (61/346) 11.6% (41/354) 4.9% (16/330)
 7. Forced sex 27.5% (95/346) 29.1% (102/350) 11.0% (39/354) 16.1% (53/329)
Factor 2: Experienced healthcare stigma
 1. Denied care 1.2% (4/349) 0.9% (3/350) 0.6% (2/354) 0.0% (0/330)
 2. Not treated well 2.0% (7/349) 1.7% (6/349) 1.7% (6/354) 2.7% (9/330)
 3. Health workers gossiped 6.6% (23/349) 2.3% (8/350) 1.4% (5/354) 5.8% (19/330)
Factor 3: Anticipated healthcare stigma
 1. Afraid to seek care 21.0% (73/348) 14.9% (52/349) 5.7% (20/353) 10.0% (33/330)
 2. Avoided care 15.5% (54/349) 14.9% (52/349) 4.5% (16/354) 9.7% (32/330)
Factor 4: Stigma from family and friends
 1. Family excluded 23.0% (80/348) 16.1% (56/349) 4.2% (15/354) 18.8% (62/330)
 2. Family gossiped 33.8% (117/346) 30.4% (105/345) 8.5% (30/354) 36.8% (121/329)
 3. Friends rejected 16.8% (58/345) 19.4% (68/350) 4.5% (16/354) 20.3% (67/330)
Factor 5: Stigma from police
 1. Police refused 18.4% (64/347) 16.4% (57/348) 8.5% (30/353) 2.4% (8/330)
 2. Avoided carrying condoms 12.3% (43/349) 6.3% (22/349) 3.4% (12/354) 0.9% (3/330)
 3. Police confiscated 5.2% (18/348) 6.9% (24/346) 2.5% (9/354) 0.3% (1/330)
 4. Witnessed confiscation 7.2% (25/347) 5.4% (19/350) 7.1% (25/354) 3.9% (13/330)
 5. Heard about confiscation 13.3% (46/347) 17.7% (62/350) 36.5% (129/353) 7.3% (24/330)