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Table 2 Quality of the 23 studies reviewed

From: A systematic review of selected human rights programs to improve HIV-related outcomes from 2003 to 2015: what do we know?

1st author, publication date Study Designa Summary Score for Quality Critique
Quantitative (Modified Downs and Black, 1998)
 Beletsky, 2011 [59] RXS 73.7% (14/19)
 Beletsky, 2013 [65] XS 63.2% (12/19)
 Beletsky, 2012 [66] XS 63.2% (12/19)
 Du, 2011 [42] XS 73.7% (14/19)
 Ellen, 2015 [60] RXS 68.4% (13/19)
 Fang, 2004 [64] RXS 73.7% (14/19)
 Grangeiro, 2011 [67] RXSB 73.7% (14/19)
 Homaifar, 2005 [56] XS 26.3% (5/19)
 Martinez, 2007 [61] RXS 57.9% (11/19)
 Rich, 2007 [62] RXSB 63.2% (12/19)
 Sarnquist, 2007 [43] RXS 57.9% (11/19)
 van Rensburg, 2007 [58] XS 63.2% (12/19)
Qualitative (Spencer et al. 2003)
 Argento, 2011 [63] QP 88.9% (16/18)
 Dworkin, 2014 [55] QP 77.8% (14/18)
 Jones, 2005 [57] QP 61.1% (11/18)
Mixed Methods (Spencer et al. 2003)
 Gruskin, 2013 [25] QPC 88.9% (16/18)
 Jardine, 2012 [49] QPC 66.7% (12/18)
Other
 Ahmad, 2013 [51] PR n/a
 Ainsworth, 2003 [52] PR n/a
 Gruskin, 2009 [53] PR n/a
 Gurnani, 2011 [54] PMD n/a
 Jeffreys, 2011 [50] PR n/a
 Lazariu, 2015 [44] PMD n/a
  1. aStudy design abbreviations: XS = observational cross-section RXS = observational repeated cross-sections; QP = qualitative post-test only; MM = mixed methods; PR = policy review; PMD = program monitoring data; B These studies included a comparison population drawn from cross-sectional data collected in areas where the policy/intervention was not being implemented; C The quantitative data included in these studies was drawn from document reviews and/or program monitoring data, we therefore decided to assess their quality based on the qualitative assessment tool; N/a = these studies could not be scored using either method as they either relied solely on monitoring data to evaluate the intervention, or were policy reviews, which analysed data from multiple previously published studies