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Table 3 Associations of epidemiological factors to Streptococcus pneumoniae colonization in children with AOM after treatment - univariate and multivariate analysis

From: Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae strains in children with acute otitis media– high risk of persistent colonization after treatment

Characteristics Univariate analysis Multivariate model
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Age (yr) 0.8 (0.57–1.12) 0.20   
Male sex 1.35 (0.65–2.8) 0.43   
Sibling possessing 0.89 (0.44–1.78) 0.73   
DCC/school attendance 0.84 (0.42–1.68) 0.62   
Bilaterality 2.02 (0.9–4.6) 0.094 3.8 (1.1–13.0) 0.037*
Category of AOM:TF/R 1.21 (0.58–2.54) 0.60   
CRP (mg/L) 0.95 (0.82–1.09) 0.43   
WBC (G/L) 0.98 (0.87–1.1) 0.72   
Ongoing antibiotic therapy at the admission to hospital 0. 53 (0.18–1.57) 0.25   
Antibiotic therapy at the hospital 1.4 (0.57–3.46) 0.46   
Length of antibiotic therapy at the hospital 0.73 (0.51–1.04) 0.08 0.8 (0.71–0.93) 0.003*
  1. *Statistic significance; R recurrent AOM, TF treatment failure AOM, N new case AOM, DCC day care center, CRP C-reactive protein, WBC white blood cells