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Table 2 Distribution of lineages/sublineages of the shared cluster containing 3 or more isolates from Ethiopia (n = 2584) based on spoligotyping data

From: Spoligotyping based genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Ethiopia: a systematic review

Lineage Clade/Sublineagea Total strains Percentage
Lineage 1 (Indo-Oceanic) EAI 22 0.9
  EAI1-SOM 5 0.2
  EAI5 or EAI3 4 0.15
  EAI6-BGD1 4 0.15
  F33 9 0.35
  MANU 156 6.0
  Manu_ancestor 41 1.6
  MANU2 115 4.5
Lineage 2 (East Asian) Beijing 5 0.2
Lineage 3 (East African-Indian) CAS 598 23.1
  CAS 21 0.8
  CAS_DELHI 472 18.3
  CAS1_KILI 105 4.0
Lineage 4 (Euro-American) Haarlem 281 10.1
  H1 24 0.9
  H3 188 7.3
  H4 58 2.2
  H4/Ural-1 11 0.4
  LAM 101 3.9
  LAM1 4 0.15
  LAM10 4 0.15
  LAM3 and S/Convergent 24 0.9
  LAM5 6 0.2
  LAM7_TUR 44 1.7
  LAM9 19 0.7
  S 3 0.12
  T 1247 48.3
  T 10 0.4
  T1 502 19.4
  T1 (Tuscany variant) 3 0.12
  T1/T3 5 0.2
  T2 85 3.3
  T2-T3 5 0.2
  T3 191 7.4
  T3-ETH 434 16.8
  T4 12 0.5
  X 45 1.8
  X1 40 1.6
  X2 5 0.2
Lineage 7 (Ethiopian) Ethiopian 107 4.1
Unknown Unknown 19 0.7
  U 8 0.31
  U (likely H) 8 0.31
  U (likely T3) 3 0.12
  1. aClade designations according to STVIT2 and TBinsight database: Beijing clade, East African-Indian (EAI) clade and its sub-lineages, Haarlem (H) clade and its sub-lineages, Latin American-Mediterranean (LAM) clade and its sub-lineages, the ancestral “Manu” family and 3 sub-lineages, the IS6110-low-binding X clade and its sub-lineage, and an ill-defined T clade with its sub-lineages, U: Unknown patterns