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Table 1 Description of reports on the strains of M. tuberculosis isolated from Ethiopia included in this review

From: Spoligotyping based genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Ethiopia: a systematic review

Author Study Regiona Type of Patientsb No. isolates Typing methodc No. strains Clustering rate (%) Shared rated (%) Predominant strains Lineage/Clade
Agonafir et al., 2010 [28] AA MDR-TB 107 Spoligotyping 81 80.43 82.61 SIT149 T, CAS
Deribew et al., 2012 [29] OR PTB 17 Spoligotyping 17 64.71 64.71 SIT777 T, H, CAS
Mihret et al., 2012 [30] AA PTB 192 Spoligotyping 192 82.81 88.02 SIT149 T, CAS, H
Ameni et al., 2013 [31] OR PTB 139 Spoligotyping 130 71.54 84.62 SIT149, SIT53 EA, EAI
Diriba et al., 2013 [32] AA MDR-TB 184 Spoligotyping 184 85.87 77.72 SIT21, SIT149 EA and IO
Firdessa et al., 2013 [17] AA, AM, OR, SNNPR PTB, ETB 950 Spoligotyping, MIRU-VNTR, SNP 950 62.21 81.79 SIT149, SIT25 EA, EAI
Garedew et al., 2013a [33] AM PTB 71 Spoligotyping 96 85.42 94.79 SIT149, SIT53 EA
Garedew et al., 2013b [34] AM ETB 44 Spoligotyping 44 79.54 95.45 SIT54, SIT53 EA, IO
Workalemahu et al., 2013 [36] OR Child TB 15 Spoligotyping 24 54.17 54.17 SIT37 EA
Yimer et al., 2013 [37] AM PTB 237 Spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR 237 83.54 82.70 SIT25, SIT910 CAS_DELHI
Belay et al., 2014 [38] AM PTB 105 Spoligotyping 103 77.67 93.20 SIT149, SIT37 T3-ETH, T3
Debebe et al., 2014 [39] AM PTB 118 Spoligotyping 118 83.89 89.83 SIT25 and SIT53 EA, CAS
Disassa et al., 2015 [42] BG PTB 33 Spoligotyping 33 45.45 75.76 SIT53 EA
Gebrezgabiher et al., 2015 [43] SNNPR PTB, ETB 31 Spoligotyping 31 38.71 61.29 SIT53 EA
Getahun et al., 2015 [44] ETH PTB 92 Spoligotyping 91 70.33 58.24 SIT53, SIT149 EA, EAI
Korma et al., 2015 [45] AA ETB 58 Spoligotyping 58 60.34 82.76 SIT53, SIT149 T
Maru et al., 2015 [46] AM PTB 118 Spoligotyping 118 73.73 90.68 SIT25, SIT53 H, T, CAS-DELHI
Nuru et al., 2015 [47] AM PTB, ETB 168 Spoligotyping 168 58.33 72.62 SIT289, SIT134 EA, EAI
Zewudie et al., 2016 [51] AA PTB, ETB 73 Spoligotyping 73 61.64 79.45 SIT149, SIT53 T, CASI-DELHI
Nuru et al., 2017 [52] AM PTB, ETB 38 Spoligotyping 38 36.84 68.42 SIT53, SIT289 EA, EAI
Bedawi et al., 2017 [54] OR & SNNPR PTB 281 Spoligotyping 281 79.36 79.72 SIT53, SIT149 EA
  1. aAA Addis Ababa, AM Amhara, AF Afar, BG BenishangulGumz, DD Dire Dawa, GM Gambella, HR Harari, OR Oromia, SNNPR South Nation and Nationalities Peoples Region, SM Ethiopian Somali, TG Tigray. bPTB Pulmonary Tuberculosis, ETB Extra-pulmonary TB. cRFLP Restriction fragment length polymorphism, MIRU-VNTRs Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable tandem repeats of DNA tandem repeats. d The spoligo international type (SIT) numbers designate spoligotypes shared by two or more patient isolates