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Table 3 Factors associated with non-attendance of PHC facilities for TB clinical evaluation

From: Household contact non-attendance of clinical evaluation for tuberculosis: a pilot study in a high burden district in South Africa

Variable Non-attendance of clinical evaluation (n = 54) Adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval p-value
n (%)
Sex
 Female (ref) 32 (59.3) 1   
 Male 22 (40.7) 3.4 1.11–10.24 0.032
Age (mean; standard deviation) 29.4 (22.8) 1.03 1.003–1.057 0.029
Has been diagnosed with TB before
 No (ref) 42 (77.8) 1 1  
 Yes 12 (22.2) 5.6 1.13–27.90 0.035
Is coughing
 No (ref) 38 (70.4) 1   
 Yes 16 (29.6) 1.7 0.48–5.85 0.425
Time spent with index case
 Only night/day (ref) 46 (85.2) 1   
 All the time 8 (14.8) 1.0 0.23–4.00 0.961
Shares bedroom with index case
 No (ref) 28 (51.9) 1   
 Yes 26 (48.1) 3.4 1.07–10.59 0.038
Has had swelling of lymph nodes
 No (ref) 50 (92.6) 1   
 Yes 4 (7.4) 0.2 0.02–1.34 0.094
Perceives discrimination against TB patients (n = 52)
 No (ref) 42 (80.8) 1   
 Yes 10 (19.2) 1.1 0.27–4.11 0.941
Preferred location for sputum collection
Health facility (ref) 46 (85.2) 1   
Home 8 (14.8) 16 1.17–226.84 0.038
TB knowledge (mean, standard deviation) 8.5 (2.0) 0.9 0.71–1.18 0.543