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Table 2 Individual and gender stratified prevalence estimates for the cattle infections under study

From: An integrated study of human and animal infectious disease in the Lake Victoria crescent small-holder crop-livestock production system, Kenya

Infection Adjusted prevalence (%, 95% CI) Male Female p-valuea
Gastrointestinal parasites
Schistosoma bovis 0.26 (0–0.55) - - -
Giardia spp. 0.28 (0–0.66) - - -
Fasciola hepatica 0.37 (0–0.94) - - -
Toxocara vitulorum 0.98 (0.092–1.9) - - -
Nematodirus spp. 1.4 (0.62–2.2) - - -
Dictyocaulus viviparus 2.1 (1.2–3.0) 3.7 1.2 0.03
Moniezia spp. 3.1 (1.9–4.2) 3.0 3.1 0.96
Strongoloides spp. 4.0 (2.7–5.3) 5.9 3.0 0.07
Trichuris spp. 6.7 (4.8–8.6) 8.6 5.7 0.19
Calicophoron daubneyi 9.2 (6.7–11.5) 5.9 11.0 0.01
Fasciola gigantica 32.5 (27.6–37.3) 28.1 34.8 0.07
Coccidia spp. 37.2 (32.7–41.7) 44.3 33.3 0.002
Strongyle spp. 58.4 (53.8–63.0) 69.4 52.4 <0.001
Bacterial infections
Brucella spp. 0.26 (0–0.56) - - -
Mycobacterium bovis 2.2 (1.3–3.2) 3.3 1.7 0.16
Coxiella burnetii 10.0 (7.7–12.2) 8.2 10.9 0.20
Haemoparasites
Anaplasma spp. 0.62 (0.05–0.28) - - -
Trypanosoma spp. 5.8 (4.1–7.4) 4.3 6.6 0.12
Theileria spp. 53.4 (48.6–58.3) 53.2 53.6 0.94
Other parasites
Taenia saginata 53.5 (48.7–58.3) 53.7 53.2 0.92
V iruses
 Rift Valley fever virus 1.4 (0.55–2.22) - - -
  1. aBased on Wald Test with adjustment for survey design. Very rare outcomes not assessed