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Table 1 Survey adjusted individual and gender stratified prevalence estimates for the human infections under study

From: An integrated study of human and animal infectious disease in the Lake Victoria crescent small-holder crop-livestock production system, Kenya

Infection Adjusted prevalence (%, 95% CI) Male (%) Female (%) p valuea
Gastrointestinal parasites
Balantidium coli 0.02 (0–0. 1) - - -
Fasciola spp. 0.04 (0–0. 1) - - -
Entamoeba hartmanni 0.1 (0–0.2) - - -
Endolimax nana 0.1 (0–0.2) - - -
Hymenolepis spp. 0.2 (0–0.3) - - -
Taenia spp. (eggs) 0.3 (0–0.5) - - -
Blastocystis hominis 0.6 (0.1–1.1) - - -
Cryptosporidium spp. 0.6 (0.2–1.0) - - -
Strongyloides stercoralis 2.9 (2.1–3.8) 3.9 2.1 0.023
Giardia spp. 3.2 (2.3–4.0) 4.0 2.5 0.09
Taenia solium (HP10-ELISA) 5.8 (4.4–7.2) 4.6 7.0 0.04
Schistosoma mansoni 5.9 (3.7–8.1) 7.2 4.8 0.009
Trichuris trichiura 10.0 (8.2–11.7) 7.6 12.0 0.002
Ascaris lumbricoides 10.4 (8.1–12.7) 9.7 11.1 0.33
Iodamoeba butschlii 14.2 (12.4–16.0) 13.4 15.0 0.42
Taenia spp. (Copro-ELISA) 19.7 (16.7–22.7) 20.7 18.8 0.29
Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 30.1 (27.5–32.8) 27.5 32.5 0.046
 Hookworm 36.3 (32.8–39.9) 39.4 33.6 0.01
Haemoparasites
Plasmodium falciparum 29.4 (26.8–32.0 32.1 27.0 0.02
Bacterial infections
Brucella spp. 0.6 (0.2–0.9) - - -
Coxiella burnetii 2.2 (1.5–2.9) 2.5 1.9 0.32
Mycobacterium spp. 8.2 (6.8–9.6) 7.8 8.5 0.64
Viral infections
 Rift Valley fever virus 0.5 (0.2–0.8) - - -
 HIV 5.3 (4.2–6.3) 2.9 7.3 <0.001
  1. aBased on Wald Test with adjustment for survey design. Very rare outcomes not assessed