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Table 1 Main epidemiological and clinical data in 217 patients included in the study

From: Recurrence of cystic echinococcosis in an endemic area: a retrospective study

  Patients n/N (%)
Age, mean ± SD (range),years   ≤ 59 years 52.55 ± 18.20 (5–82) 124/217 (57.1)
Male sex 133/217 (61.3)
Patients from rural areas 148/217 (68.2)
Professional activity-agriculture/livestock 31/217 (14.3)
Contact with animals 60/217 (27.6)
Immigrants 6/217 (2.8)
Comorbidity 73/217 (33.6)
Asyntomatic/casual finding 129/217 (59.4)
Clinical manifestations  Mechanics  Infectious  Allergic 88/217 (40.6) 54/88 (61.3) 35/88 (39.7) 14/88 (15.9)
Eosinophilia (>0.450 × 109 eosinophils/L) 65/217 (29.9)
ELISA (>1/80) 105/217 (48.4)
Cyst location (multiple response variable)
 Liver  Lung  Others/disseminated 193/217 (88.9) 12/217 (5.5) 31/217 (14.2)
No. of cysts, mean ± SD (range)  1   ≥ 2 1.95 ± 2.66 (1–20) 137/217 (63.1) 80/217 (36.9)
Size of the largest cyst, mean ± SD (range),cm   ≥ 7 cm   ≤ 6.9 cm 8.18 ± 4.35 (1–23) 122/217 (56.2) 95/217 (43.8)
WHO classification  CE1  CE2  CE3  CE4  CE5 193/217 (88.9) 10/193 (5.2) 59/193 (30.6) 32/193 (16.6) 30/193 (15.5) 62/193 (32.1)
Treatment
 Combined treatment (Antihelminths & surgical)  Surgical technics  Surgical treatment complications 141/217 (65.0) 76/217 (35.0) 38/217 (17.5)
Cohort mortality from all causes 13/217 (6.0)a
Mortality attributable to hydatidosis 2/217 (0.9)b
  1. aExitus ethiology: cardiovascular 1. Cancer 1. Infectious 5. No data 6
  2. bExitus ethiology for E. granulosus: Infectious (sepsis) 1. Hemoptysis 1