You are viewing the site in preview mode

Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Treatment outcomes and baseline characteristics by timing of ART initiation

From: Antiretroviral therapy initiation within seven days of enrolment: outcomes and time to undetectable viral load among children at an urban HIV clinic in Uganda

Variable Timing of ART  
Within 7 days, n (%) Beyond 7 days, n (%) p-value
Sex    0.055
 Male 95 (52.8) 80 (42.8)  
 Female 85 (47.2) 107 (57.2)  
Age group    0.001*
 0–5 96 (53.3) 173 (92.5)  
 6–15 76 (42.2) 7 (3.7)  
 15–18 8 (4.4) 7 (3.7)  
Adherence on ART    0.012*
 Good adherence (≥3 consecutive clinic visits) 65 (36.1) 45 (24.1)  
 Inconsistent adherence 115 (63.9) 142 (75.9)  
Baseline Nutrition status    0.020*
 Normal limits & mild malnutrition 83 (46.1) 109 (58.3)  
 Moderate & severe malnutrition 97 (53.9) 78 (41.7)  
Baseline ART regimen    0.001*
 Nevirapine based 45 (25.0) 98 (52.4)  
 Efavirenz based 58 (32.2) 14 (7.5)  
 Protease Inhibitor based 73 (40.6) 62 (33.2)  
 Triple RTI 4 (2.2) 13 (7.0)  
WHO clinical stage    0.001*
 I & II 52 (28.9) 84 (44.9)  
 III & IV 128 (71.1) 103 (55.1)  
Treatment outcome    
 Alive and on treatment 141 (78.3) 123 (65.8) 0.026*
 Dead 15 (8.3) 27 (14.4)  
 Lost to follow-up 6 (3.3) 16 (8.6)  
 Transferred out 10 (10.0) 21 (11.2)  
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05