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Table 2 Results showing relationship between baseline characteristics and undetectable viral load among study participants

From: Antiretroviral therapy initiation within seven days of enrolment: outcomes and time to undetectable viral load among children at an urban HIV clinic in Uganda

Variable Undetectable viral load, N = 367 P value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Sex    0.908
 Male 91 (47.4) 84 (48.0)  
 Female 101 (52.6) 91 (52.0)  
Age group    0.163
 0–5 133 (69.3) 136 (77.7)  
 6–15 49 (25.5) 34 (19.4)  
 15–18 10 (5.2) 5 (2.9)  
Timing of ART initiation    0.065
 Within 7 days 103 (53.7) 77 (44.0)  
 Beyond 7 days 89 (46.3) 98 (56.0)  
Mean baseline weight (SD) 14.4 (14.0) 11.1 (9.4) 0.007*
Baseline creatinine level 28.6 (11.2) 27.6 (12.0) 0.705
Baseline haemoglobin level 10.02 (1.9) 9.57 (1.64) 0.020*
Adherence on ART    0.001*
 Good adherence (Pill count based) (≥3 consecutive visits) 38 (19.8) 72 (41.1)  
 Inconsistent adherence 154 (80.2) 103 (58.9)  
Baseline Nutrition status    0.745
 Normal limits & mild malnutrition 102 (53.1) 90 (51.4)  
 Moderate & severe malnutrition 90 (46.9) 85 (48.6)  
TB status    0.067
 Positive 15 (7.8) 24 (13.7)  
 Negative 177 (92.2) 151 (86.3)  
Baseline ART regimen    0.121
 Nevirapine based 66 (34.4) 77 (44.0)  
 Efavirenz based 44 (22.9) 28 (16.0)  
 Protease Inhibitor based 75 (39.1) 60 (34.3)  
 Triple RTI 7 (3.7) 10 (5.7)  
WHO clinical stage    0.089
 I & II 79 (41.2) 57 (32.6)  
 III & IV 113 (58.8) 118 (67.4)  
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05