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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants

From: Antiretroviral therapy initiation within seven days of enrolment: outcomes and time to undetectable viral load among children at an urban HIV clinic in Uganda

Variable, N = 367   N Percent (%)
Age 0–5 269 73.30
6–15 83 22.62
15–18 15 4.09
Sex Male 175 47.68
Female 192 52.32
WHO clinical stage I & II 136 37.06
III & IV 231 62.94
Nutritional statusa (n = 335) Within normal limits 166 49.55
Mild malnutrition 26 7.76
Moderate malnutrition 61 18.21
Severe malnutrition 82 24.48
CD4 absolute count <500 cells/ml 109 29.70
> = 500 cells/ml 258 70.30
Baseline viral load (copies/ml)b 5000–100,000 102 27.79
100,000–500,000 107 29.16
500,000–1,000,000 52 14.17
≥1,000,000 106 28.88
Haemoglobin level, gm/dl (n = 271) 0–8 42 15.50
8–16 229 84.50
  1. aBaseline status based on the Z-score criteria
  2. bMeasurements based on either Roche or Abbot