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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study cohort

From: Microbiota-dependent metabolite and cardiovascular disease marker trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is associated with monocyte activation but not platelet function in untreated HIV infection

  Untreated (n = 50) ART-Treated (n = 49) P value
Age, years 41 (33–46) 43 (36–48) 0.249
Sex 90% (45) Male 88% (43) Male 0.722
Etnicity 90% (45) Caucasian 86% (42) Caucasian 0.514
Transmission of HIV 82% (41) MSM 74% (36) MSM 0.618
Current smoker 42% (21) 41% (20) 0.869
HIV-RNA, (copies/mL) 23,026 (5517–90,321) 19 (19–20) < 0.001
Current CD4+ T-cell count, (cells/μL) 560 (415–795) 610 (480–875) 0.363
Duration of HIVa (months) 28 (8–75) 73 (36–151) 0.009
  1. Summary of clinical and demographic characteristics of the study population previously published in [31]. from Continuous data are presented as medians and (interquartile ranges) and categorical data as percentages and (total numbers). Untreated and treated individuals were compared by Mann-Whitney U test
  2. aDuration since 1st positive HIV-1 test
  3. cART antiretroviral therapy, MSM Men who have sex with men