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Table 3 Analysis of therapeutic interventions, complications and prognostic outcomes in patients with DNI

From: End-stage renal disease: a risk factor of deep neck infection – a nationwide follow-up study in Taiwan

Characteristic ESRD-DNI Non-ESRD-DNI p-value
N % N %
Total 280   194   
Therapy      0.394b
 antibiotic 208 74.3 146 75.3  
 aspiration 4 1.4 6 3.1  
 surgery 68 24.3 42 21.7  
Tracheostomy 10 3.6 7 3.6 0.983c
Hospitalization (mean ± SD) 11.1 ± 14.7 9.7 ± 12.7 0.269d
ICU care 39 13.9 14 7.2 0.023c
Mediastinitis 7 2.5 2 1.0 0.249c
 Mediastinitis-Mortality 3 1.1 1 0.5 0.515c
Mortalitya 26 8.0 6 2.9 0.021c
  1. aMortality occurrence after DNI
  2. bPearson’s chi-squared tests
  3. cFisher exact tests
  4. dStudent’s t tests
  5. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, ICU intensive care unit
  6. Table 3 demonstrated the analysis of three therapeutic methods used for treatment of DNI, the indicators used for evaluating the interventions, complications and prognostic outcomes in both cohorts. There was no difference in the methods for treatment and the proportion of three therapies resembled in both cohorts. Tracheostomy rate, duration of hospitalization and mediastinal complication did not differ in both cohorts; however, the proportion of patients receiving ICU care was higher among those with ESRD and DNI. ESRD group had significantly higher mortality rate than non-ESRD group (p = 0.032)