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Table 1 Demographic and characteristics between the ESRD and Non-ESRD groups

From: End-stage renal disease: a risk factor of deep neck infection – a nationwide follow-up study in Taiwan

Characteristic ESRD Non-ESRD p-valuea
N % N %
Total 127,283   127,283   
Gender      1
 Male 64,306 50.5 64,306 50.5  
 Female 72,902 49.5 72,902 49.5  
Age (yrs)      1
  < 65 68,698 54.0 68,698 54.0  
  ≥ 65 58,585 46.0 58,585 46.0  
Urbanized level      1
 1 (City) 35,299 27.7 35,299 27.7  
 2 57,162 44.9 57,162 44.9  
 3 22,092 17.4 22,092 17.4  
 4 (Village) 12,730 10.0 12,730 10.0  
Income (NTD, per month)      1
 0 26,695 21.0 26,695 21.0  
 1–15,840 20,261 15.9 20,261 15.9  
 15,841–25,000 60,617 47.6 60,617 47.6  
  ≥ 25,001 19,710 15.5 19,710 15.5  
DNI 280 0.2 194 0.1 <0.001
Comorbidities
 DM 71,155 55.9 71,155 55.9 1
 HTN 117,545 92.4 117,545 92.4 1
 Autoimmune 8345 6.6 7406 5.8 <0.001
 Liver cirrhosis 12,559 9.9 5588 4.4 <0.001
 CAD 69,109 54.3 48,835 38.4 <0.001
 CVA 49,042 38.5 38,602 30.3 <0.001
 COPD 30,454 23.9 30,704 24.1 0.246
  1. Abbreviations: DNI deep neck infection, ESRD end-stage renal disease, NTD New Taiwan dollar, DM diabetes mellitus, HTN hypertension, CAD coronary artery disease, CVA cerebrovascular accident, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. aPearson’s chi-squared tests
  3. Table 1 revealed the demographic and clinical characteristics between the ESRD and Non-ESRD groups. Gender, age, urbanized, income level, DM and HTN were balanced between the two groups. The incidence of DNI was significantly higher in the ESRD group (p < 0.001)