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Table 4 Patients’ outcomes

From: Hospitalization for community-acquired febrile urinary tract infection: validation and impact assessment of a clinical prediction rule

  Control period Intervention period ITT Intervention period PP
n = 237 n = 133 n = 81
Hospitalization
  Primary hospitalization 219 (92)* 96 (72)* 46 (57)*
  Low risk 136 50 0
  Intermediate risk 58 29 29
  High risk 25 17 17
  Secondary admission (all risk classes) 2/18 (11) 10/37 (27) 10/35 (29)
  Low risk 1/17 6/29 6/29
  Intermediate risk 0/0 4/6 4/6
  High risk 1/1 0/2 0/0
  Need for ICU admission 8 (3) 1 (1) 1 (1)
  Hospital admission >10 days 15 (6) 10 (8) 9 (11)
  Total number of hospitalization days in 90 days of follow up [median, CI] 5 [5,6–7,0] 4 [4,4–6,7] 4 [4,2–7,6]
Bacteremia 66/228 (29) 31/129 (24) 21/77 (27)
Mortality
  30-day all-cause mortality 3 (1) 3 (2) 2 (2)
  90-day all-cause mortality 7 (3) 5 (4) 4 (5)
Cure at day 30
  Clinical cure 182/209 (87) 98/121 (80) 59/73 (81)
  Microbiological cure 170/190 (89) 107/113 (95) 61/65 (94)
  1. Data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise stated. CI confidence interval, ITT intention to treat analysis, PP per protocol analysis, ICU intensive care unit. *p = < 0.001