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Table 3 Significant spatial clusters of childhood diarrhea EDHS 2000, 2005 and 2011, Ethiopia

From: Spatial patterns of childhood diarrhea in Ethiopia: data from Ethiopian demographic and health surveys (2000, 2005, and 2011)

Years Clusters Enumeration areas (clusters) detected Coordinates/radius Population Cases RR LLR P-value
2000 1 375, 376, 384, 413, 419, 412, 409, 410, 407, 411, 406, 405, 408, 371, 370, 404, 374, 372, 401, 373, 174, 400, 391, 180, 351, 359, 183, 395, 397, 179, 399, 368, 394, 181, 173, 390, 388, 360, 393, 178, 385, 418, 417, 415, 392, 416, 171, 389, 369, 398, 365, 386, 396, 182, 165, 172, 403, 414, 177, 236, 361, 387, 358, 362, 402, 357, 164, 383, 364, 366, 170, 363, 377, 367, 353, 311, 161, 379, 163, 326, 352, 334, 175, 356, 162, 331, 380, 378, 328, 354, 332, 323, 325, 355, 322, 169, 176, 307, 315, 321, 320, 333, 337, 186, 160, 310, 309, 338, 316, 348, 166, 341, 314, 187, 349, 167, 303, 344, 343, 350, 342, 340, 382, 335, 308, 381, 292, 305, 336, 300, 185, 319, 232, 324, 235, 168, 302, 191, 237, 318, 230, 298, 233, 317, 240, 299, 202, 345, 192, 201, 339, 296, 295, 297, 188, 293, 346, 304, 306, 313, 347, 291, 301, 200, 231 (6.888619 N, 35.420836 E)/398.0 km 3150 930 1.50 55.37 <0.001
2005 1 537, 46, 464, 517, 292, 12, 126, 224, 434, 35, 45, 202, 105, 504, 252, 340, 343, 279, 514, 534, 80, 13, 30, 235, 67, 40, 7, 210, 380, 168, 436, 229 (6.973082 N, 37.814081 E)/80.3 km 616 200 2.01 45.69 <0.001
2 100, 486, 33, 247, 6, 290, 242 (8.830199 N, 40.729640 E)/49.1 km 171 62 2.15 18.01 <0.001
3 107, 118, 305, 144, 518, 254, 34, 251, 5, 520, 480 (9.822890 N, 34.781552 E)/82.1 km 223 70 1.86 13.62 <0.01
2011 1 206, 339, 116, 375, 267, 434, 354, 30, 545, 125, 107, 468, 61, 294, 586, 432, 160, 511, 368, 223, 639, 631, 395, 327, 559, 641, 563, 317, 443, 332, 40, 490, 264, 329, 100, 625, 389, 449, 505, 404, 276, 315, 142, 349, 457, 6, 341, 157, 562, 207, 409, 364, 204, 475, 622, 642, 619, 243, 324, 112, 607, 578, 477, 411, 209, 520, 277, 259, 438, 118, 232, 598, 269, 136, 390, 405, 367, 113, 166, 58, 302, 580, 253, 54, 623, 193, 135, 91, 94, 283 (8.219330 N, 33.321854 E)/435.8 km 2170 483 1.69 51.09 <0.001
2 266, 295, 48, 381, 250, 240, 346, 627 (4.240002 N, 41.906017 E)/179.5 km 216 73 2.30 23.94 <0.001
  1. A cluster is statistically significant when its LLR is greater than the critical value, which is, for significance level: (Standard Monte Carlo Critical Values: 0.001: 18.73; 0.01: 10.89; 0.05: 8.82)2000, (0.001:14.17; 0.01: 10.99; 0.05: 8.98)2005, (0.001:15.14; 0.01: 10.91; 0.05: 9.32)2011)