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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis

From: Misdiagnosis of HIV treatment failure based on clinical and immunological criteria in Eastern and Central Kenya

Factors COR P-value 95% CI for COR AOR P-value 95% CI for AOR
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Age group
  < = 20 (ref)         
 21–40 0.48 <0.001 0.35 0.67 0.48 0.011 0.27 0.84
 41–60 0.32 <0.001 0.23 0.45 0.36 0.001 0.20 0.64
 61+ 0.29 <0.001 0.16 0.50 0.25 0.002 0.10 0.59
Sex
 Male...Ref         
 Female 0.99 0.89 0.79 1.22   0.16 0.53 1.11
Sample
 DBS...Ref         
 Frozen Plasma 0.82 0.21 0.61 1.11 omitted from the final model
Testing lab
 KEMRI NAIROBI…Ref      omitted from the final model
 AMPATH AND NHRL 0.78 0.11 0.57 1.06     
ARV regimen
 DF/3TC/EFV...Ref         
 TDF/3TC/NVP 1.19 0.33 0.84 1.67 1.49 0.11 0.91 2.42
 AZT/3TC/NVP 0.76 0.09 0.55 1.05 0.76 0.23 0.49 1.19
 Other 0.85 0.43 0.58 1.26 0.82 0.47 0.49 1.39
Duration on ARVs
  < 3 years…Ref         
 4–6 years 1.24 0.09 0.97 1.59 1.31 0.13 0.93 1.87
 7–9 years 1.01 0.52 0.72 1.42 0.86 0.53 0.54 1.37
Justification for viral load
 Clinical……Ref         
 Immunological 1.19 0.15 0.94 1.51 1.37 0.08 0.96 1.97
 Other 0.86 0.48 0.56 1.32 1.06 0.83 0.60 1.88