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Table 2 Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis, vaginal HIV RNA shedding and plasma HIV RNA viral load in 150 women living with HIV included in the study

From: Bacterial vaginosis, human papilloma virus and herpes viridae do not predict vaginal HIV RNA shedding in women living with HIV in Denmark

Diagnosis Study Participants n (% of all participants) Positive for vaginal HIV RNA shedding n (% of total) Combined p-value
Bacterial vaginosis (BV), Nugent scorea
 Grade I 47 (31.3) 5 (10.6) -
 Grade II 55 (36.7) 7 (12.7) -
 Grade III 48 (32.0) 5 (10.4) 0.92
Bacterial vaginosis (PCR)
 Atopobium Vaginae positive 44 (30.1) 5 (11.4) -
 Atopobium Vaginae negative 102 (69.9) 12 (11.8) 0.94
 (missing) (4)   
Bacterial vaginosis (PCR)
 Megasphaera positive 34 (22.8) 3 (8.8) -
 Megasphaera negative 115 (77.2) 14 (12.2) 0.59
 (missing) (1)   
Bacterial vaginosis (PCR)
 BVAB1 positive 9 (6.1) 1 (11.1) -
 BVAB1 negative 139 (93.9) 15 (10.8) 0.98
 (missing) (2)   
Bacterial vaginosis (PCR)
 Prevotella positive 40 (26.9) 1 (2.5) -
 Prevotella negative 109 (73.1) 16 (14.7) 0.038
 (missing) (1)   
Bacterial vaginosis (PCR)
 At least one bacteria positive with PCR 54 (36.0) 5 (9.3) -
 All bacteria negative with PCR 96 (64.0) 12 (12.5) 0.55
Combined PCR and microscopy
 Positive 60 (40.0) 6 (10.0) -
 Negative 90 (60.0) 11 (12.2) 0.67
BV positive, by ethnicity
 White 22 (45.8) 6 (11.3) -
 Black 18 (37.5) 1 (4.2) -
 Asian 7 (14.6) 10 (14.1) -
 Other 1 (2.1) 0 (0) 0.59
Vaginal HIV RNA
 Detectable ≥66 copies/swab) 17 (11.3) - -
 Not detectable (<66 copies/swab) 133 (88.7) - -
Plasma HIV RNA < 40 copies/mL
 Detectable 21 (15.2) 2 (1.5) -
 Not detectable 117 (84.8) 11 (9.4) 1.0
 (missing) (12)   
  1. a Nugent score Grade I = normal flora, Grade II = intermediate flora, Grade III = Bacterial vaginosis