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Table 3 Characteristics of and Infections Associated with VADs; N = 408

From: Incidence of and factors associated with catheter-related bloodstream infection in patients with advanced solid tumors on home parenteral nutrition managed using a standardized catheter care protocol

  Port PICC TCC Total
Characteristics
 Number (%) of VADs 206 (50.5) 191 (46.8) 11 (2.7) 408 (100)
 Median HPN Days# 53 41 88 46
 Total HPN Days 16,929 11,401 1073 29,403
 Mean Age (years) 53.6 53.9 58.6 53.8
 Mean BMI (kg/m2) 23.5 25.1 25.3 24.3
 Mean Serum Albumin (g/dl) 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8
 Gender, % Male 43.7 43.5 54.5 43.9
 Cancer Stage at Diagnosis, % Stage IV 51.5 43.5 27.3 47.1
 SGA at HPN Start, % well-nourished 23.3 19.9 18.2 21.6
 ECOG Performance Status, % 0–2 67 71.7 81.8 69.6
Infection
 Number of CRBSI 8 7 1 16
 Number of CRBSI/1000 HPN Days (95% CI)* 0.47 (0.20–0.93) 0.61 (0.25–1.3) 0.93 (0.02–5.2) 0.54 (0.32–0.86)
 Days to CRBSI, Median (Range) 83.5 (13–420) 30 (0–95) 187 (187–187) 43.5 (0–420)
  1. CI confidence interval, CRBSI catheter-related bloodstream infection, ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, HPN home parenteral nutrition, PICC peripherally inserted central catheter, SGA Subjective Global Assessment, TCC tunneled central catheter, VAD venous access device
  2. #Port versus PICC p = 0.02
  3. Port versus TCC p = 0.99
  4. PICC versus TCC p = 0.34
  5. *Port versus PICC p = 0.61
  6. Port versus TCC p = 0.52
  7. PICC versus TCC p = 0.65