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Table 9 Annual number of varicella cases, consultations, hospitalizations and deaths and consultation, hospitalization and case fatality rates in Europe before the introduction of universal childhood immunization programs

From: Estimation of the burden of varicella in Europe before the introduction of universal childhood immunization

Outcome Age group (years)
<5 5–9 10–14 15–19 20–39 40+ Total
N varicella cases 3,029,226 1,816,442 175,020 116,926 244,923 141,087 5,523,624
N varicella consultations 1,660,087 826,610 179,400 67,609 164,118 78,015 2,975,839
N varicella hospitalizations 9905 2386 712 718 3209 1233 18,163
N varicella deaths 16 5 2 1 12 45 81
Proportion of varicella cases consulting a physician (%) 54.80 45.51 100.00 57.82 67.01 55.30 53.87
Proportion of varicella cases that are hospitalized (%) 0.33 0.13 0.41 0.61 1.31 0.87 0.33
Case fatality rate (%) 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.032 0.001