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Table 2 Prevalence of Salmonella in chickens, farm attendants and bedding in Hawassa and Bonga chicken breeding and multiplication centers in Southern Ethiopia

From: Determination of the sources and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella isolated from the poultry industry in Southern Ethiopia

Risk Factors # sample Positive Prevalence (%) p-value
Study area Bonga 100 27 27 0.000
Hawassa 170 18 10.6  
Farms Bonga multiplication center 100 27 27 0.001
Hawassa multiplication center 80 11 13.8  
Hawassa commercial farm 2 90 7 7.8  
Sample type Bedding (environment) 17 6 35.3 0.028
Hand swab (personnel) 9 3 33.3  
Cloacal swab (chickens) 244 36 14.8  
Housing Litter 190 34 17.9 0.404
Cage 80 11 13.9  
Breed White leghorn 190 34 17.9 0.404
Bovans 80 11 13.8  
Age group Chicks 21 10 47.6 0.003
Cock 19 4 21.1  
Cockerel 3 0 0  
Layer 194 29 14.9  
Pullet 33 2 6.1  
Total   270 45 16.7