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Table 2 Proportion of HIV patients on ART with virological non-suppression, (N = 100,678, routine monitoring, n = 94,766, suspected treatment failures, n = 3492 and second time testers, n = 1436)

From: Factors Associated with Virological Non-suppression among HIV-Positive Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Uganda, August 2014–July 2015

Variable Non-suppression status, n(%)   
  General Routine monitoring Suspected treatment failures Repeater testers after suspected failure
Overall 10,805 (11) 8966(10) 1018(29) 716(50)
Sex
 Female 6524(10) 5437(9) 592(31) 427(47)
 Male 4132(13) 3402(11) 416(27) 278(54)
Age category
 0–4 507(29) 444(27) 22(49) 34(52)
 5–9 916(23) 754(21) 55(50) 104(60)
 10–14 960(23) 765(20) 83(61) 105(63)
 15–19 837(27) 614(23) 102(54) 118(66)
 20–24 746(16) 595(13) 81(46) 65(50)
 25–29 1141(11) 945(9) 117(46) 65(50)
 30–34 1579(10) 1337(9) 154(35) 70(44)
 35+ 4119(7) 3512(7) 404(19) 155(36)
Breast feeding
 Yes 297(6) 262(6) 22(42) 14(40)
 No 5964(10) 8420(10) 956(29) 679(50)
Pregnant
 Yes 153(8) 128(7) 13(48) 14(42)
 No 6113(10) 8554(10) 966(29) 681(50)
Active TB
 Yes 131(20) 85(15) 34(44) 12(80)
 No 10,236(11) 8542(9) 932(29) 684(50)
Treatment line
 First 9945(11) 8351(9) 925(29) 582(54)
 Second 736(13) 531(11) 75(28) 128(36)
 Third 11(22) 4(10) 3(75) 3(75)
Duration on treatment
 0–2 Years 3680(10) 3198(9) 291(29) 133(45)
 3–5 Years 3900(12) 3226(10) 386(31) 264(48)
 6–10 Years 2928(10) 2304(9) 309(28) 294(55)
  > 10 Years 257(9) 210(8) 24(19) 22(42)
Indication for treatment initiation
 TB infection 194(13) 159(11) 19(26) (16(67)
 Other 604(15) 466(13) 49(38) 77(61)
 Child under 15 1826 (24) 1508 (21) 135(58) 170(57)
 PMTCT/Option B+ 589(6) 549(6) 18(22) 12(20)
 CD4 < 500 7169(10) 5955(9) 750(26) 401(48)
Reported adherence level
  < 85% 453(35) 324(34) 85(34) 38(61)
 85–94% 1659(17) 1206(14) 269(32) 168(58)
  > 95% 8145(10) 6998(9) 622(27) 465(46)
Level of health facility
 HCII + HCIII 1455(9) 1295(9) 104(28) 36(42)
 HC IV + General hospital 2293(9) 1994(8) 228(24) 39(25)
 Specialized HIV care services 1482(11) 1242(9) 148(37) 83(57)
 RRH + NRH 5575(12) 4435(11) 538(31) 558(53)
  1. Denominator for pregnant/breastfeeding mothers was total females in the sample
  2. HCII health centre two, HCIII health centre three, HCIV health centre four, RRH regional referral hospitals, NRH national referral hospitals