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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients, August 2014–July 2015 (N = 100,678, routine monitoring, n = 94,766, suspected treatment failures, n = 3492 and second time testers, n = 1436)

From: Factors Associated with Virological Non-suppression among HIV-Positive Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Uganda, August 2014–July 2015

Variable General-N(%) Routine monitoring, n(%) Suspected treatment failures, n(%) Repeat testers after suspected failure, n(%)
Age group
 0–4 1763(2.0) 1637(1.7) 45(1.3) 65(4.5)
 5–9 3983(4.0) 3681(3.9) 111(3.2) 172(11.9)
 10–14 4231(4.0) 3898(4.1) 136(3.9) 168(11.6)
 15–19 3085(3.0) 2689(2.8) 189(5.4) 180(12.7)
 20–24 4781(5.0) 4436(4.7) 176(5.0) 131(9.1)
 25–29 10,695(11.0) 10,192(10.8) 257(7.4) 131(9.2)
 30–34 15,494(15.0) 14,744(15.6) 438(12.5) 159(11.0)
 35+ 56,646(56.0) 53,489(56.4) 2140(61.3) 430(29.9)
Sex
 Male 32,203(32.0) 29,873(32.0) 1539(45.0) 515(36.0)
 Female 67,097(68.0) 63,598(68.0) 1918(55.0) 900(64.0)
Duration on treatment
 0–2 Years 36,341(36.0) 3,4610(36.6) 1002(28.8) 298(20.8)
 3–5 Years 32,928(33.0) 30,876(32.7) 1240(35.7) 548(38.3)
 6–10 Years 28,423(28.0) 26,533(28.1) 1110(31.9) 534(37.3)
  > 10 Years 2726(3.0) 2518(2.7) 125(3.6) 52(3.6)
Indication for treatment initiation
 TB infection 4076(4.0) 3721(4.0) 129(3.9) 127(9.4)
 Other 1496(2.0) 1392(2.0) 72(2.2) 24(1.8)
 Child under 15 9820 (10.0) 9550(10.0) 83(2.5) 59(4.4)
 PMTCT/Option B+ 7712(8.0) 7117(8.0) 234(7.0) 300(22.4)
 CD4 < 500 74,401(76.0) 70,116(76.0) 2832(84.5) 839(62.0)
Report ARV adherence
  < 85% 1292(1.3) 964(1.0) 253(7.5) 62(5.0)
 Fair 85–95% 10,065(10.4) 8798(10.0) 832(24.7) 291(21.0)
 Good >95% 85,440(88.3) 81,478(89.0) 2278(67.7) 1005(74.0)
Treatment line
 First line 94,476(94.45) 89,382(95.0) 3177(92.2) 1070(75.0)
 Second line 5497(5.5) 4815(5.0) 264(7.7) 354(25.0)
 Third line 50(0.05) 39(0.0) 4(0.1) 4(0.0)
Pregnant
 Yes 2009(3.0) 1950(2.0) 27(1.0) 33(2.4)
Breast feeding
 Yes 4697(7.0) 4647(5.0) 52(2.0) 35(3.0)
Active TB
 Yes 668(1.0) 575(0.6) 77(2.3) 15(1.1)
Level of health facility
 HCII + HCIII 1,5404(15.0) 14,757(16.0) 376(11.0) 85(6.0)
 HCIV + General hospital 26,102(26.0) 24,713(26.0) 969(28.0) 155(11.0)
 Specialized HIV cares services 13,944(14.0) 13,224(14.0) 398(11.0) 146(10.0)
 RRH + NRH 45,203(45.0) 42,047(44.0) 1747(50.0) 1050(73.0)
  1. Denominator for pregnant/breastfeeding mothers was total females in the sample.
  2. HCII health centre two, HCIII health centre three, HCIV health centre four, RRH regional referral hospitals, NRH national referral hospitals