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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and prevalence of HBsAg and HCVAb by demographics and HIV characteristics

From: Prevalence of hepatitis B and C infection in persons living with HIV enrolled in care in Rwanda

  HBsAg (n = 114,040) HCVAb (n = 116,868)
Total (%) Positive (95% CI) p-valuea Total (%) Positive (95% CI) p-valuea
Overall
 All 114,040 4.3 (4.2–4.4)   116,868 4.6 (4.5–4.7)  
Demographic factors
 Age    <0.005    <0.005
   < 15 4917 (4.4) 2.1 (1.7–2.6)   5062 (4.4) 1.7 (1.3–2.1)  
  15–24 7409 (6.6) 4.0 (3.5–4.4)   7616 (6.6) 2.1 (1.7–2.4)  
  25–34 21,287 (19.0) 4.2 (3.9–4.5)   21,838 (19.0) 3.1 (2.9–3.4)  
  35–44 34,113 (30.4) 4.8 (4.5–5.0)   34,971 (30.5) 3.8 (3.5–4.0)  
  45–54 28,719 (25.6) 4.5 (4.2–4.7)   29,371 (25.6) 4.7 (4.5–5.0)  
  55–64 12,582 (11.2) 4.0 (3.6–4.4)   12,871 (11.2) 8.8 (8.3–9.3)  
   ≥ 65 3037 (2.7) 3.9 (3.2–4.6)   3098 (2.7) 17.8 (16.4–19.2)  
 Gender    <0.005    <0.005
  Female 74,141 (65.1) 3.7 (3.5–3.8)   75,946 (65.1) 4.4 (4.3–4.6)  
  Male 39,751 (34.9) 5.4 (5.1–5.6)   40,774 (34.9) 5.0 (4.8–5.2)  
 Enrolment facility   0.031    0.013
  Health center 92,576 (84.2) 4.2 (4.0–4.3)   94,991 (84.3) 4.5 (4.4–4.7)  
  Hospital 17,346 (15.8) 4.5 (4.2–4.9)   17,715 (15.7) 5.0 (4.7–5.3)  
Geographical factors
 Province    <0.005    <0.005
  Kigali 19,135 (16.8) 5.0 (4.7–5.3)   19,413 (16.6) 4.0 (3.7–4.2)  
  East 23,404 (20.5) 5.5 (5.2–5.8)   25,874 (22.1) 5.2 (4.9–5.5)  
  North 16,094 (14.1) 4.2 (3.9–4.6)   16,114 (13.8) 4.2 (3.9–4.6)  
  South 27,368 (24.0) 3.6 (3.4–3.9)   27,367 (23.4) 5.9 (5.6–6.2)  
  West 28,027 (24.6) 3.5 (3.3–3.7)   28,086 (24.0) 3.5 (3.3–3.8)  
 Residenceb    <0.005    0.013
  Rural 73,820 (74.7) 4.0 (3.9–4.2)   76,070 (75.1) 4.7 (4.5–4.8)  
  Urban 24,975 (25.3) 4.9 (4.7–5.2)   25,198 (24.9) 4.3 (4.0–4.6)  
HIV characteristics
 ART category    0.214    <0.005
  On ART 98,974 (91.6) 4.3 (4.2–4.5)   101,510 (91.5) 4.4 (4.3–4.5)  
  Pre ART 9119 (8.4) 4.1 (3.6–4.5)   9381 (8.5) 6.6 (6.1–7.1)  
 CD4 countb    <0.005    <0.005
   ≤ 500 34,698 (41.2) 4.9 (4.7–5.1)   35,339 (41.2) 5.0 (4.8–5.3)  
   > 500 49,469 (58.8) 3.7 (3.6–3.9)   50,497 (58.8) 4.4 (4.2–4.6)  
 HIV viral loadb    <0.005    0.433
   ≤ 1000 66,272 (95.1) 3.9 (3.7–4.1)   67,424 (95.1) 4.3 (4.1–4.5)  
   > 1000 3406 (4.9) 5.5 (4.6–6.4)   3486 (4.9) 4.6 (3.8–5.4)  
  1. Results are proportion positive (95% confidence interval); Sampling weights have been applied
  2. aReported are Chi-Square p-values; statistically significant p-values are in bold (p < 0.05)
  3. bMissing responses ≥10%