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Table 1 Characteristics of tuberculosis cases notified in Victoria from 2002 to 2015

From: Comparing tuberculosis management under public and private healthcare providers: Victoria, Australia, 20022015

Variable All notifications   Public   Private  
  n = 5106 n = 4714 n = 275
  n (%)a n (%)a n (%)a
Sex
 Female 2324 (45.5) 2120 (45.0) 141 (51.3)
 Male 2782 (54.5) 2594 (55.0) 134 (48.7)
Age group, years
  < 18 365 (7.2) 362 (7.7) 1 (0.4)
 18–65 3876 (83.1) 3587 (76.1) 206 (74.9)
  ≥ 65 865 (16.9) 765 (16.2) 68 (24.7)
Median age (years) 33 (IQR 25–53) 33 (IQR 25–52) 41 (IQR 30–64)
Place of birth
 Australia 543 (10.6) 466 (9.9) 45 (16.4)
 Overseas born 4563 (89.4) 4248 (90.1) 230 (83.6)
Risk factors
 Substance abuse 82 (1.6) 74 (1.6) 1 (0.4)
 Born in a high-burden country 3005 (58.9) 2797 (59.3) 156 (56.7)
 Ever resided in an aged care facility 41 (0.8) 36 (0.8) 4 (1.5)
 Indigenous 9 (0.2) 7 (0.1) 1 (0.4)
 Household member or close contact with TB 904 (17.7) 852 (18.1) 34 (12.4)
Rural healthcare provider 101 (2.0) 94 (2.0) 6 (2.2)
Manifestation
 Pulmonary involvement 2605 (51.0) 2248 (47.7) 83 (30.2)
 Disseminated 269 (5.3) 255 (5.4) 10 (3.6)
 Extrapulmonary 2232 (43.7) 1993 (42.3) 182 (66.2)
Drug resistanceb
 Fully sensitive 2978 (75.2) 2783 (75.9) 148 (71.2)
 Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)c 71 (1.8) 67 (1.8) 3 (1.4)
 Mono or poly-resistant, not MDR-TB 285 (7.2) 268 (7.3) 11 (5.3)
 Not recorded 619 (15.6) 535 (14.6) 46 (22.1)
Median treatment duration in those completing treatment (days) 215 (IQR 184–289) 215 (IQR 184–288) 216 (IQR 185–281)
HIV-positive (2009–2015) 39/2739 (1.3) 39/2588 (10.0) 0/119 (28.6)
  1. Definition of abbreviations: TB tuberculosis, CXR chest x-ray/CT scan, IQR interquartile range
  2. aExcept where stated
  3. bConfined to culture-positive cases: All notifications = 3963 cases; Public = 3665 cases; Private = 208 cases
  4. cDefined as resistance to both isoniazid and rifampicin at initial drug susceptibility testing.