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Table 3 Levels of concern regarding the MERS outbreaks in health-care workers in Saudi Arabia according to personal characteristics

From: An assessment of the level of concern among hospital-based health-care workers regarding MERS outbreaks in Saudi Arabia

Characteristics High concern (score = 46–80) Moderate concern (score = 35–45) Low concern (score = 5–34) Mean concern score
Total 259 (25.1) 495 (48.0) 277 (26.9) 40.2 ± 11.0
Gender
 Male 83 (27.3) 137 (45.1) 84 (27.6) 39.9 ± 11.8
 Female 176 (24.2) 358 (49.2) 193 (26.6) 40.3 ± 10.6
  χ2 = 1.690, p = 0.430 t = −0.480, p = 0.631
Age
 ≤35 106 (23.0) 199 (43.3) 155 (33.7) 41.4 ± 11.3
 >35 153 (26.8) 296 (51.8) 122 (21.4) 39.3 ± 10.6
  χ2 = 19.747, p < 0.001* t = 3.035, p = 0.002*
Marital status
 Unmarried 88 (24.9) 161 (45.6) 104 (29.5) 40.3 ± 10.7
 Married 171 (25.2) 334 (49.3) 173 (25.5) 40.2 ± 11.1
  χ2 = 1.998, p = 0.368 t = −0.096, p = 0.923
Nationality
 Saudi 51 (19.8) 111 (43.0) 96 (37.2) 43.0 ± 11.7
 Non-Saudi 208 (26.9) 384 (49.7) 181 (23.4) 39.3 ± 10.5
  χ2 = 19.409, p < 0.001* t = 4.567, p < 0.001*
Level of education
 Diploma 44 (21.4) 103 (50.0) 59 (28.6) 40.7 ± 11.2
 BS 168 (23.9) 338 (48.1) 197 (28.0) 40.5 ± 10.6
 MSN/PHD 47 (38.5) 54 (44.3) 21 (17.2) 37.5 ± 12.1
  χ2 = 15.654, df = 2, p = 0.004* F = 4.148, df = 2, p = 0.016*
Job title
 Physician 63 (35.0) 83 (46.1) 34 (18.9) 37.3 ± 10.9
 Nurse 149 (24.5) 286 (47.0) 174 (28.5) 40.6 ± 10.9
 Technician 31 (20.4) 84 (55.3) 37 (24.3) 40.6 ± 10.5
 Pharmacist 10 (19.2) 25 (48.1) 17 (32.7) 42.7 ± 10.7
 Administrative 6 (15.8) 17 (44.7) 15 (39.5) 43.9 ± 10.8
  χ2 = 20.697, df = 4, p = 0.008* F = 5.266, df = 4, p < 0.001*
Geographical region of employment
 Eastern 125 (34.6) 152 (42.1) 84 (23.3) 37.9 ± 11.5
 Central 88 (19.1) 223 (48.4) 150 (32.5) 42.2 ± 10.8
 Western 46 (22.0) 120 (57.4) 43 (20.6) 39.9 ± 9.4
  χ2 = 37.290, df = 2, p < 0.001* F = 15.822, df = 2, p < 0.001*
Direct patient contact
 Yes 237 (25.9) 424 (46.3) 254 (27.8) 40.2 ± 11.1
 No 22 (19.0) 71 (61.2) 23 (19.8) 40.4 ± 9.6
  χ2 = 9.122, p = 0.010* t = −0.188, p = 0.851
  1. χ2 Pearson Chi squared test, LT Chi square test for linear trend, f Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, df degree of freedom
  2. *Statistically significant difference