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Table 3 Association between HIV infection, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, trauma experiences and suicidal ideation

From: “The Cango Lyec Project - Healing the Elephant”: HIV related vulnerabilities of post-conflict affected populations aged 13–49 years living in three Mid-Northern Uganda districts

Variable Total (N = 2388) HIV+ Weighted (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) aAdjusted OR (95%CI) p-value
Major Depressive Disorder (Mean Depression Scores ≥1.75)
 No 2027 (85.1%) 193 (10.2%) 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 360 (14.9%) 84 (23.4%) 2.70 (1.95, 3.75) 1.89 (1.28, 2.80) 0.006
PTSD (Mean PTSD Scores ≥2.0)
 No 2109 (88.1%) 227 (11.2%) 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 279 (11.9%) 50 (19.3%) 1.90 (1.30, 2.78) 1.44 (1.06, 1.96) 0.026
12 or more Traumatic events ever
 No 2160 (91.2%) 227 (11.0%) 1,00 1.00  
 Yes 228 (8.8%) 50 (23.7%) 2.52 (1.70, 3.73) 2.50 (1.31, 4.79) 0.012
Ever experienced rape or sexual abuse
 No 2189 (92.0%) 226 (11.0%) 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 199 (8.0%) 51 (25.6%) 2.80 (1.88, 4.17) 1.80 (0.96, 3.37) 0.063
Ill Health without medical care ever
 No 1639 (69.7%) 162 (10.1%) 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 749 (30.3%) 115 (16.9%) 1.82 (1.36, 2.44) 1.59 (1.00, 2.52) 0.048
Suicidal Ideation within last 2 weeks
 Not at all 2093 (88.4%) 218 (11.2%) 1.00 1.00  
 Yes - A little/Quite a bit/Extremely 293 (11.7%) 59 (19.2%) 1.88 (1.30, 2.72) 1.87 (1.34, 2.61) 0.003
 Missing 2 (0.1%) 0 (0%)   - -
  1. Legend: Unadjusted and after adjustinga for differences in age, sex, marital status, religion, and district of residence, several mental health factors were found to be associated with HIV-infection in three mid-northern Uganda districts population, 2011/2012