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Table 1 HIV-1 sero-positivity by population socio-demographic characteristics and sexual history at baseline

From: “The Cango Lyec Project - Healing the Elephant”: HIV related vulnerabilities of post-conflict affected populations aged 13–49 years living in three Mid-Northern Uganda districts

Population characteristics Total   Weighted (%) Unadjusted
(N = 2388) (%) 95% CI HIV+ (%) OR (95%CI) p-value
Age group
 13–19 723 29.1 (23.5–35.5) 15 (2.2%) 1.00  
 20–24 443 20.2 (13.1–29.7) 40 (8.5%) 4.24 (1.81,9.93) 0.005
 25–29 442 19.6 (16.4–23.4) 58 (14.0%) 7.43 (3.62,15.24) <.001
 30–34 315 12.4 (11.0–14.1) 61 (21.7%) 12.60 (5.98,26.52) <.001
 35+ 465 18.6 (14.9–23.1) 103 (23.4%) 13.87 (7.79,24.70) <.001
Sex
 Male 991 40.3 (34.1–46.8) 77 (8.5%) 1.00  
 Female 1397 59.7 (53.2–65.9) 200 (14.6%) 1.84 (1.50,2.25) <.001
Current marital status
 Never married 739 31.7 (26.6–37.2) 13 (1.8%) 1.00  
 Married 1248 53.0 (46.6–59.3) 180 (15.0%) 9.51 (7.51,12.05) <.001
 Separated/divorced 185 8.2 (4.7–14.1) 41 (24.8%) 17.70 (9.90,31.65) <.001
 Widowed 65 2.5 (1.8–3.3) 31 (49.1%) 51.80 (29.11,92.17) <.001
 Missing 151 4.6 (0.4–34.4) 12 (7.4%) 4.28 (1.38,13.28) 0.019
Highest education attained
 Never 350 13.1 (5.2–29.3) 40 (12.6%) 1.00  
 Primary 1333 55.5 (47.4–63.2) 182 (14.6%) 1.19 (0.69,2.02) 0.477
 Sec/Tertiary/University 638 28.3 (17.7–42.0) 48 (7.7%) 0.58 (0.28,1.18) 0.112
 Others 67 3.2 (1.4–7.2) 7 (6.6%) 0.49 (0.05,4.42) 0.468
Religion
 Roman Catholic 1690 71.9 (62.0–80.0) 207 (12.7%) 1.00  
 Protestant 358 14.0 (9.4–20.5) 48 (14.1%) 1.13 (0.48,2.66) 0.748
 Moslem 28 1.2 (0.5–2.7) 4 (19.6%) 1.67 (0.92,3.04) 0.080
 Other 178 9.1 (5.0–15.9) 10 (6.5%) 0.48 (0.21,1.10) 0.073
 Missing 134 3.8 (0.2–40.3) 8 (5.9%) 0.43 (0.22,0.87) 0.025
District of residence
 Amuru 703 33.7 (4.7–83.9) 53 (7.5%) 1.00  
 Gulu 1139 53.3 (9.0–93.0) 160 (15.2%) 2.21 (1.68,2.91) <.001
 Nwoya 546 12.9 (1.1–66.8) 64 (11.6%) 1.62 (1.49,1.76) <.001
Community displacement status
 Displaced 333 12.9 (5.5–27.3) 28 (8.6%) 1.00  
 Transient 1122 54.7 (20.7–84.8) 148 (14.7%) 1.84 (1.12,3.04) 0.023
 Permanent 933 32.4 (8.8–70.6) 101 (9.3%) 1.09 (0.69,1.72) 0.669
Staying in a child (<25) headed household
 No 1658 61.3 (21.7–90.0) 181 (10.7%) 1.00  
 Yes 240 8.0 (4.1–15.2) 11 (5.3%) 0.46 (0.30,0.73) 0.005
 Missing 490 30.7 (4.8–79.5) 85 (16.8%) 1.69 (1.09,2.61) 0.026
Staying in a female headed household
 No 1524 56.9 (22.2–85.9) 124 (8.0%) 1.00  
 Yes 375 12.5 (5.6–25.7) 68 (19.3%) 2.74 (2.21,3.39) <.001
 Missing 489 30.6 (4.8–79.4) 85 (16.9%) 2.32 (1.55,3.48) 0.002
Ever been abducted
 No 1798 78.1 (70.6–84.1) 180 (10.8%) 1.00  
 Yes 590 21.9 (15.9–29.4) 97 (17.0%) 1.69 (1.24,2.30) 0.005
Circumcised men (Self report)
 No 785 82.3 (53.6–94.9) 65 (9.1%) 1.00  
 Yes 72 8.4 (2.5–25.0) 4 (5.5%) 0.59 (0.11,3.27) 0.487
 Missing 134 9.3 (0.5–66.2) 8 (6.0%) 0.63 (0.36,1.13) 0.104
Consistent condom use with last 3 partners in past 12 months
 Inconsistent 1724 71.4 (67.1–75.4) 241 (14.7%) 1.00  
 Consistent 231 11.1 (6.3–18.8) 33 (14.1%) 0.95 (0.44,2.03) 0.872
 Never had sex 433 17.5 (12.4–24.1) 3 (0.4%) 0.02 (0.00,0.21) 0.005
Genital ulcers in last 12 months
 No 2184 90.7 (88.4–92.5) 212 (10.0%) 1.00  
 Yes 204 9.3 (7.5–11.6) 65 (33.0%) 4.44 (3.11,6.34) <0.001
Active Syphilis
 Negative 2290 95.8 (94.8–96.7) 250 (11.3%) 1.00  
 Positive 98 4.2 (3.3–5.2) 27 (32.0%) 3.70 (2.33,5.85) <0.001
Number of sexual partners ever
 0 441 17.7 (12.7–24.1) 3 (0.4%) 1.0  
 1 453 19.5 (15.8–23.9) 19 (4.3%) 12.73 (1.50, 107.85) 0.026
 2 424 17.6 (14.1–21.7) 61 (11.7%) 37.80 (5.74, 248.94) 0.003
 3+ 963 40.8 (30.9–51.4) 193 (21.9%) 79.67 (8.54, 743.23) 0.002
 Missing 107 4.4 (1.7–11.0) 7 (6.3%) 19.10 (2.21, 165.23) 0.014
  1. Legend: logistic regression data from the Cango Lyec study, mid-northern Uganda districts, 2011/2012
  2. NB: % weighted using sampling weights