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Table 1 Summary of 20 studies reporting the prevalence of MRSA in different parts of Ethiopia, 2004-2015

From: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Ethiopia: a meta-analysis

Region Study area Study period Study design Study population Culture specimens No of S. aureus isolates Percentage of MRSA, N (%) References
Amhara Bahirdar, Dessie and Debre Tabor December 2013 to April 2014 Cross-sectional study HIV infected pediatric patients Skin swab, nasal swab, and perineum swab 281 73 (26) Lemma et al. 2015 [17]
Gondar February to May 2012 Cross-sectional study VL patients Blood 11 2 (18.2) Endris et al. 2014 [15]
Gondar July 2011 to June 2012 Cross-sectional study Neonates Blood 17 7 (41.2) Gebrehiwot et al. 2012 [24]
Gondar January to June 2011 Cross-sectional study Food handlers Nasal swab 41 4 (9.8) Dagnew et al. 2012 [25]
Gondar September 2009 to June 2010 Cross-sectional study In and out patient Urine, eye discharge, genital swab, body fluid, pus, wound swab and discharge 279 49 (17.6) Anagaw et al. 2013 [22]
Gondar January to June 2010 Cross-sectional study Patients with post-operative surgical site Infections Pus swab 26 9 (34.6) Amare et al. 2012 [27]
Bahirdar April to June 2006 Cross-sectional study In and out patient surgical wound, ear discharges, eye discharges and throat swabs 162 89 (54.9) Abera et al. 2008 [29]
Debre Markos March to June 2013 Cross-sectional study School children Nasal swab 123 17 (13.8) Reta et al. 2015 [12]
Debre Markos December 2011 to March 2012 Cross-sectional study Patients with surgical site infection Wound swab 73 36 (49.7) Kahsay et al. 2014 [16]
Dessie November 2010 to March 2011 Cross-sectional study Healthcare workers Nasal swab 34 15 (44.1) Shibabaw et al. 2013 [22]
Oromia Jimma June to December 2011 Cross-sectional study In and out patient Wound swab 73 56 (76.7) Godebo et al. 2013 [20]
Jimma December 2010 to June, 2011 Cross-sectional study Primary school children and prisoners Nasal swab 169 39 (23.1) Kejela and Bacha, 2013 [19]
Jimma January 2003 to July 2004 Cross-sectional study Out patients Ear discharges, throat and wound swabs 72 6 (8.3) Gebre-Sealsssie, 2007 [30]
Harar and Jimma - Cross-sectional study --- Blood, CSF, pus, sputum and urine 210 103 (49) Rasheed and Ahmed, 2010 [28]
Central Ethiopia Addis Ababa March to August 2015 Cross-sectional study Post operative patients Wound swab 56 6 (10.7) Getachew et al. 2015 [11]
Addis Ababa September 2013 to April 2014 Cross-sectional study In and out patient Nasal swab, wound swab, ear discharge, blood, throat swab, eye swab, vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, urine, stool, sputum, CSF and body fluids 194 34/(17.5) Tebelay et al. 2014 [14]
Addis Ababa March to May 2011 Cross-sectional study In and out patient (burn patients) Wound swab 66 51 (77.3) Alebachew et al. 2012 [26]
Addis Ababa April to July 2010 Cross-sectional study In and out patient (burn patients) Blood and wound swabs 24 5 (20.8) Sewunet et al. 2013 [23]
Tigray Mekelle November 2010 to January 2011 Cross-sectional study Health care workers Nasal swab and material from hand 177 36 (20.3) Gebreyesus et al. 2013 [21]
Southern Ethiopia Hawassa August 2013 to December 2014 Cross-sectional study Health care workers Sample from hand and mobile phones 166 67 (40.2) Daka, 2014 [13]
  1. Keys: CSF Cerebro-spinal fluid, HIV Human immuno-deficiency virus, VL Visceral leshimaniasis