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Table 2 Participants’ beliefs about requirements for an antibiotic for common childhood complaints (n = 722)

From: Antibiotic use in rural China: a cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitudes and self-reported practices among caregivers in Shandong province

How often an antibiotic is needed for a child with this complaint Bronchitis Diarrhea Ear infection Fever Dry cough Sore throat Stuffy nose
Always 23.7 % 16.3 % 16.8 % 29.8 % 26.0 % 23.1 % 19.1 %
Usually 14.4 % 10.5 % 7.1 % 16.6 % 16.3 % 13.3 % 13.0 %
Sometimes 19.7 % 17.0 % 13.0 % 16.6 % 14.4 % 15.7 % 17.6 %
Never 7.8 % 24.2 % 8.2 % 13.4 % 18.6 % 18.6 % 22.2 %
Don’t know 34.5 % 31.9 % 55.0 % 23.5 % 24.7 % 29.4 % 28.1 %
Over-expectation for an antibiotic 38.1 % 26.8 % 23.9 % 46.4 % 42.3 % 36.4 % 32.1 %