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Table 1 Basic patient characteristics

From: Gram-stain-based antimicrobial selection reduces cost and overuse compared with Japanese guidelines

  N = 208
Age (median, interquartile range) 80 (67–87)
Male 71 (34.1 %)
Performance status
 0–2 126 (60.5 %)
 3 (in bed or chair more than 50 %) 41 (19.7 %)
 4 (bedridden) 41 (19.7 %)
Living place before admission
 Home 151 (72.6 %)
 Nursing and healthcare facility 54 (25.9 %)
 Hospital 3 (1.4 %)
Infection site
 Pulmonary system Subtotal = 45
  Community-acquired pneumonia 7 (3.3 %)
  Aspiration pneumonia 38 (18.2 %)
 Urinary tract Subtotal = 105
  Pyelonephritis 20 (9.6 %)
  Complicated pyelonephritis 67 (32.2 %)
  Urosepsis 8 (3.8 %)
  Prostatitis 5 (2.4 %)
  Catheter related pyelonephritis 5 (2.4 %)
 Skin & soft tissue Subtotal = 58
  Cellulitis 34 (16.3 %)
  Severe cellulitis 18 (8.6 %)
  MRSA suspected cellulitis 6 (2.8 %)
Previous antibiotic exposure within 48 h 29 (13.9 %)
Gram stain performed at ER 149 (71.6 %)
Blood culture positivity 34 (16.3 %)
Death 1 (0.4 %)