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Table 3 Distribution of parasitic infections in HIV positive and HIV negative prison inmates

From: Determining intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in inmates from Kajang Prison, Selangor, Malaysia for improved prison management

Species Overall (n = 294) 95 % CIa HIV positive (n = 131) 95 % CI HIV negative (n = 163) 95 % CI p
  No. %   No. %   No. %   
Overall 78 26.5 21.81-31.86 36 27.5 20.56-35.68 42 25.8 19.67-32.98 0.741
Blastocystis sp. 43 14.6 11.04-19.12 16 12.2 7.66-18.92 27 16.6 11.64-23.03 0.294
S. stercoralis 26 8.8 6.11-12.64 9 6.9 3.66-12.54 17 10.4 6.61-16.07 0.285
Entamoeba spp. 8 2.7 1.39-5.28 6 4.6 2.12-9.63 2 1.2 0.34-4.36 0.145b
Cryptosporidium spp. 7 2.4 1.16-4.83 5 3.8 1.64-8.62 2 1.2 0.34-4.36 0.248b
Giardia spp. 1 0.3 0.06-1.90 1 0.8 0.13-4.20 0 0 0 0.466b
T. trichiura 1 0.3 0.06-0.190 1 0.8 0.13-4.20 0 0 0 0.446b
Single infection 70 23.8 19.30-29.00 34 26.0 19.21-34.07 36 22.1 16.40-29.06 0.439
Double infections 8 2.7 1.39-5.28 2 1.5 0.42-5.40 6 3.7 1.70-7.80 0.306b
  1. aCI Confidence interval
  2. btested by the Fisher exact test, others were tested by the chi-square test