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Table 5 Incidence rate ratios (IRR) for associated outcomes within a year following herpes zoster diagnosis

From: Incidence of herpes zoster and associated events including stroke—a population-based cohort study

  CVD (excl. stroke) Stroke Sepsis Bell’s palsy
  n IRRa (95 % CI) n IRRa (95 % CI) n IRRa (95 % CI) n IRRa (95 % CI)
All cases 64 1.82 (1.42–2.33) 111 1.34 (1.12–1.62) 37 1.47 (1.06–2.03) 71 10.6 (8.33–13.4)
Sex         
Men 26 1.62 (1.10–2.38) 49 1.30 (0.98–1.72) 15 1.23 (0.74–2.05) 43 15.7 (11.6–21.3)
Women 38 1.99 (1.45–2.74) 62 1.38 (1.08–1.77) 22 1.68 (1.11–2.56) 28 6.99 (4.80–10.2)
p-value b   0.41   0.75   0.36   <0.01
Age (years)         
0–39 0 . 4 10.3 (3.87–27.6) 3 9.10 (2.93–28.3) 15 23.4 (14.0–38.9)
40–49 1 1.15 (0.16–8.16) 0 . 3 9.42 (3.02–29.3) 1 2.62 (0.37–18.6)
50–59 12 3.51 (1.99–6.19) 2 0.44 (0.11–1.76) 0 . 6 7.23 (3.23–16.2)
60–69 21 2.68 (1.75–4.12) 13 1.12 (0.65–1.92) 3 0.79 (0.25–2.44) 17 9.09 (5.61–14.7)
70–79 16 1.37 (0.84–2.25) 35 1.47 (1.05–2.04) 6 0.79 (0.35–1.76) 13 7.69 (4.42–13.4)
80+ 14 1.29 (0.76–2.18) 57 1.38 (1.07–1.80) 22 1.82 (1.19–2.77) 19 14.4 (9.03–23.0)
p-value c   0.06   <0.01   <0.01   0.01
  1. aAdjusted for age and sex
  2. bFrom Wald test of interaction between HZ and sex
  3. cFrom Wald test of interaction between HZ and age group