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Table 5 Factors associated with malnutrition (acute, chronic and mixed), univariate and multivariate multinomial logistic regressions. N = 1350

From: Prevalence of malnutrition among HIV-infected children in Central and West-African HIV-care programmes supported by the Growing Up Programme in 2011: a cross-sectional study

Variable Acute malnutrition* Chronic malnutrition Mixed malnutrition
  (N = 123) (N = 344) (N = 100)
  OR 95% CI aOR 95% CI OR 95% CI aOR 95% CI OR 95% CI aOR 95% CI
Age group in years             
 [2–5] 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 -
 [5–10] 1.08 (0.52–2.24) 0.91 (0.39–2.15) 0.51 (0.34–0.75) 0.61 (0.38–0.99) 0.32 (0.15–0.69) 0.34 (0.14–0.84)
 [10–19] 1.43 (0.70–2.89) 1.57 (0.66–3.78) 0.57 (0.39–0.84) 0.78 (0.47–1.29) 1.11 (0.59–2.11) 1.32 (0.56–3.09)
Gender (Male/Female) 2.13 (1.44–3.16) 2.27 (1.52–3.41) 1.50 (1.16–1.94) 1.56 (1.20–2.03) 2.50 (1.61–3.88) 2.60 (1.64–4.10)
Immunodeficiency by age             
 No immunodeficient 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 -
 Moderate 0.75 (0.40–1.39) 1.19 (0.47–3.02) 0.94 (0.65–1.38) 0.89 (0.60–1.31) 1.24 (0.66–2.34) 0.99 (0.51–1.91)
 Severe 227 (1.43–3.62) 2.07 (1.25–3.42) 1.41 (0.98–2.03) 1.40 (0.96–2.06) 3.32 (2.01–5.51) 2.43 (1.40–4.23)
 Missing 0.75 (0.33–1.69) 0.61 (0.23–1.63) 1.76 (1.17–2.65) 1.32 (0.78–2.23) 1.66 (0.80–3.44) 1.19 (0.47–3.02)
Duration of ART             
 ≥6 months 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 -
 6 months 1.93 (0.95–3.90) 1.80 (0.84–3.89) 1.74 (1.06–2.85) 1.58 (0.93–2.67) 2.40 (1.21–4.78) 2.54 (1.17–5.55)
 No yet started 1.31 (0.81–2.13) 1.70 (1.01–2.84) 1.09 (0.78–1.53) 1.11 (0.78–1.58) 0.72 (0.38–1.36) 1.11 (0.56–2.18)
 Missing 1.87 (0.74–4.74) 2.48 (0.92–6.63) 0.62 (0.25–1.54) 0.69 (0.27–1.77) 1.78 (0.66–4.83) 2.34 (0.79–6.91)
Malnutrition history (Yes/No)§ 0.95 (0.64–1.39) 1.23 (0.75–2.04) 1.73 (1.34–2.23) 1.99 (1.43–2.77) 1.23 (0.81–1.87) 1.67 (0.96–2.89)
Orphan status (Yes/No) || 0.91 (0.62–1.34) 0.84 (0.55–1.29) 0.93 (0.72–1.20) 1.03 (0.77–1.37) 1.58 (1.00–2.49) 1.39 (0.83–2.32)
Treatment Cotrimoxazole (/No)             
 Yes 1.44 (0.88–2.37) - - 1.18 (0.86–1.61) - - 0.85 (0.53–1.37) - -
 Missing 0.77 (0.10–6.27) - - 0.94 (0.29–3.05) - - <0.001 - - -
  1. *acute malnutrition : Weight-for-Age Z-score (WHZ)/BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ) < -2 SD and Height-for-Age Z-score (HAZ) ≥ -2 SD, chronic malnutrition: WHZ/BAZ ≥ -2 SD and HAZ < -2 SD, mixed malnutrition: WHZ/BAZ and HAZ < -2 SD
  2. OR = Odds Ratio, aOR = adjusted Odds Ratio, analyses adjusted on clinical centres
  3. WHO 2006 guidelines
  4. §Nutritional support 6 months prior the study
  5. ||Orphan status including both double and single orphans