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Table 4 Baseline characteristics of the study population according to the type of malnutrition. N = 1350

From: Prevalence of malnutrition among HIV-infected children in Central and West-African HIV-care programmes supported by the Growing Up Programme in 2011: a cross-sectional study

Variables Acute malnutrition* Chronic malnutrition Mixed malnutrition Study population
  (N = 123) (N = 344) (N = 100) (N = 1350)
  N % N % N % N %
Age group in years         
 [2–5] 10 8 59 17 13 13 161 12
 [5–10] 44 36 122 35 17 17 505 37
 [10–19] 69 56 163 47 70 70 684 51
Gender         
 Female 45 37 155 45 33 33 665 49
 Male 78 63 189 55 67 67 685 51
Immunodeficiency for age         
 No immunodeficient 70 57 195 57 45 45 802 59
 Moderate 13 11 46 13 14 14 196 15
 Severe 33 27 57 17 31 31 223 17
 Missing 7 6 46 13 10 10 129 10
WHO clinical stage         
 I 50 41 139 40 43 43 673 50
 II 34 28 101 29 23 23 342 25
 III 16 13 73 21 24 24 212 16
 IV 17 14 24 7 8 8 90 7
 Missing 6 5 7 2 2 2 33 2
Nutritional support within 6 months prior to the study||         
 None 69 56 148 43 51 51 704 52
 1 support 21 17 100 29 19 19 350 26
 2 supports 12 10 29 8 9 9 100 7
 3–4 supports 18 15 65 19 20 20 178 13
 Missing 3 2 2 1 1 1 18 1
Nutritional support during the study||         
 None 77 63 161 47 54 54 747 55
 1 support 21 17 114 33 22 22 373 28
 2 supports 17 14 36 11 12 12 143 11
 3 supports 6 5 30 9 11 11 73 5
 Missing 2 2 3 1 1 1 14 1
Duration of ART         
 <6 Months 11 9 30 9 12 12 94 7
 ≥6 Months 81 66 245 71 71 71 979 73
 No yet started 25 20 63 18 12 12 237 18
 Unknown 6 5 6 2 5 5 40 3
Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis         
 Yes 101 82 271 79 74 74 1040 77
 No 21 17 69 20 26 26 294 22
 Unknown 1 1 4 1 0 0 16 1
Orphan status         
 Single (father deceased) 17 14 67 20 23 23 278 21
 Single (mother deceased) 21 17 62 18 19 19 213 16
 Double orphan 33 27 70 20 26 26 312 23
 No orphan 51 42 141 41 29 29 528 39
 Missing 1 1 4 1 3 3 19 1
Country         
 Benin 5 4 17 5 3 3 48 4
 Burundi 34 28 104 30 30 30 456 34
 Cameroun 0 0 16 5 0 0 56 4
 Côte d’Ivoire 26 21 60 17 29 29 247 18
 Mali 24 20 47 14 19 19 173 13
 Chad 7 6 41 12 4 4 120 9
 Togo 27 22 59 17 15 15 250 19
  1. *acute malnutrition : Weight-for-Age Z-score (WHZ)/BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ) < -2 SD and Height-for-Age Z-score (HAZ) ≥ -2 SD, chronic malnutrition: WHZ/BAZ ≥ -2 SD and HAZ < -2 SD, mixed malnutrition: WHZ/BAZ and HAZ < -2 SD
  2. Chi-square test, WHO 2006 guidelines, ||Number of different nutritional supports given (flour, powdered milk, solid or semi-solid foods, RUTF)