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Table 3 Nutritional supplementation practices according to the type of malnutrition and age groups. N = 1350

From: Prevalence of malnutrition among HIV-infected children in Central and West-African HIV-care programmes supported by the Growing Up Programme in 2011: a cross-sectional study

Children on nutritional support according to malnutrition degree*, n, %, Age group in years Total P-value
[2–5] [5–10] [10–19]
(n = 161) (n = 505) (n = 684) (n = 1350)
No malnutrition N = 79 N = 322 N = 382 N = 783  
 Nutritional support before the study only 9 11 14 4 10 3 33 4 <0.001
 Nutritional support during the study only 2 3 10 3 6 2 18 2
 Nutritional support before and during the study 42 53 137 43 123 32 302 39
 Total nutritional support 53 67 161 50 139 36 353 45 <0.001
Acute malnutrition N = 10 N = 44 N = 69 N = 123  
 Nutritional support before the study only 2 20 3 7 4 6 9 7 0,123
 Nutritional support during the study only 0 0 1 2 1 1 2 2
 Nutritional support before and during the study 6 60 16 36 20 29 42 34
 Total nutritional support 8 80 20 45 25 36 53 43 0.001
Chronic malnutrition N = 59 N = 122 N = 163 N = 344  
 Nutritional support before the study only 3 5 6 5 7 4 16 5 0.667
 Nutritional support during the study only 1 2 1 1 0 0 2 1
 Nutritional support before and during the study 33 56 64 52 81 50 178 52
 Total nutritional support 37 63 71 58 88 54 196 57 0.005
Mixed malnutrition N = 13 N = 17 N = 70 N = 100  
 Nutritional support before the study only 1 8 1 6 5 7 7 7 0.310
 Nutritional support during the study only 2 15 0 0 2 3 4 4
 Nutritional support before and during the study 4 31 10 59 27 39 41 41
 Total nutritional support 7 54 11 65 34 49 52 52 0.025
  1. *acute malnutrition : Weight-for-Age Z-score (WHZ)/BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ) < -2 SD and Height-for-Age Z-score (HAZ) ≥ -2 SD, chronic malnutrition: WHZ/BAZ ≥ -2 SD and HAZ < -2 SD, mixed malnutrition: WHZ/BAZ and HAZ < -2 SD
  2. Comparison of the nutritional support according to age groups and for each type of malnutrition, distinguishing time to support or not, Chi-square tests and Fisher tests if conditions of application not respected
  3. In the last 6 months before the study