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Table 1 Characteristics of the 1350 HIV-infected children of the study population according to age groups

From: Prevalence of malnutrition among HIV-infected children in Central and West-African HIV-care programmes supported by the Growing Up Programme in 2011: a cross-sectional study

Variables Age group in years P-value* Total (n = 1350)
  [2–5] [5–10] [10–19]    
  (n = 161) (n = 505) (n = 684)    
Gender, n, %        0.839   
 Female 78 48 254 50 333 49   665 49
 Male 83 52 251 50 351 51   685 51
CD4%, median, IQR 31 24–37 - - - - - 31 24–37
CD4/mm3, median, IQR - - 788 505–1162 556 362–797 <0.001 642 412–952
Immunodeficiency by age§ , n, %        <0.001   
 No immunodeficient 57 35 363 72 382 56   802 59
 Moderate 15 9 52 10 129 19   196 15
 Severe 6 4 65 13 152 22   223 17
 Missing 83 52 25 5 21 3   129 10
WHO Clinical stage§, n, %        0.002   
 I 70 44 223 44 380 56   673 50
 II 48 30 137 27 157 23   342 25
 III 25 16 89 18 98 14   212 16
 IV 16 10 40 8 34 5   90 7
 Missing 2 1 16 3 15 2   33 2
Nutritional support within 6 months prior to the study||, n, %        <0.001   
 None 59 37 246 49 399 58   704 52
 1 support 54 34 152 30 144 21   350 26
 2 supports 15 9 34 7 51 8   100 7
 3–4 supports 31 19 65 13 82 12   178 13
 Missing 2 1 8 2 8 1   18 1
Nutritional support during the study||, n, %        <0.001   
 None 68 42 261 52 418 61   747 55
 1 support 55 34 161 32 157 23   373 28
 2 supports 18 11 53 11 72 11   143 11
 3 supports 17 11 25 5 31 5   73 5
 Missing 3 2 5 1 6 1   14 1
Treatment, n, %        <0.001   
 No treatment 4 3 13 3 14 2   31 2
 Cotrimoxazole only 40 25 107 21 73 11   220 16
 ART only 25 16 107 21 131 19   263 20
 Cotrimoxazole + ART 90 56 271 54 459 67   820 61
 Missing 2 1 7 1 7 1   16 1
Orphans status, n, %        <0.001   
 Single (father deceased) 32 20 110 22 136 20   278 21
 Single (mother deceased) 12 8 71 14 130 19   213 16
 Double 2 1 62 12 248 36   312 23
 No orphan 115 71 255 51 158 23   528 39
 Missing 0 0 7 1 12 2   19 1
Country, n, %        <0.001   
 Benin 5 3 25 5 18 3   48 4
 Burundi 15 9 108 21 333 49   456 34
 Cameroun 7 4 24 5 25 4   56 4
 Côte d’Ivoire 43 27 100 20 104 15   247 18
 Mali 40 25 79 16 54 8   173 13
 Tchad 27 17 50 10 43 6   120 9
 Togo 24 15 119 24 107 16   250 19
  1. *Chi-square test for qualitative variables, Kruskal-Wallis test for quantitative variables
  2. children < 5 years, n’ = 78, children ≥5 years, n’ = 480 for 5–10 years, n’ = 663 for 10–19 years, §WHO 2006 guidelines, ||Number of different nutritional support given (flour, powdered milk, solid or semi-solid foods, RUTF)