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Table 3 Facilitators and inhibitors of influenza vaccination (2012 sample)

From: Medical students’ attitude towards influenza vaccination

Factors Not vaccinated (N = 230, 87%) Vaccinated (N = 34, 13%) Total (N = 264) OR (95% CI) P-value
Facilitators      
 Self-protection 154 (67) 32 (94.1) 186 (70.5) 9.62 (2.12-43.55) .003
 Patient protection 140 (60.9) 30 (88.2) 170 (64.4) 6.08 (1.83-20.13) .003
 Family and friends 106 (46.1) 12 (35.3) 118 (44.7) 0.18 (0.07-0.46) <.001
 Work ethics 65 (28.3) 14 (41.2) 79 (29.9) 1.53 (0.59-3.94) .38
 Medical advice 42 (18.3) 4 (11.8) 46 (17.4) 0.57 (0.16-2.09) .40
 Set positive example 36 (15.7) 6 (17.6) 42 (15.9) 0.87 (0.25-2.95) .82
 Free of charge 34 (14.8) 4 (11.8) 38 (14.4) 0.72 (0.19-2.73) .63
 Flu shot is safe 32 (13.9) 7 (20.6) 39 (14.8) 2.78 (0.79-9.75) .11
Inhibitors      
 No specific risk 116 (50.4) - 116 (43.9)   
 No serious disease 51 (21.7) - 51 (19.3)   
 Fear of side-effects 46 (20) - 46 (17.4)   
 Insufficient protection 44 (19.1) - 44 (16.7)   
 Never offered 39 (17) - 39 (14.8)   
 Causes flu 13 (5.7) - 13 (4.9)   
 No possibility 6 (2.6) - 6 (2.3)   
 Medical contraindication 5 (2.2) - 5 (1.9)   
 Fear of needles 2 (0.9) - 2 (0.8)   
  1. Data are reported as number of participants (%).
  2. Note R2 = .25.