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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of associated factors for HIV seropositivity among pregnant women from February to June 2011

From: Seroprevalence of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus infections among pregnant women who attend the University of Gondar teaching hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Characterstics HIV COR (95%CI) P-value
  Positive Negative
Age category     
<20 7(10.9) 57(89.1) 0.96 (0.36-2.45) 0.90
21-29 27(11.4) 210(88.1) 1.00 ---
≥30 9(10.7) 75(89.3) 0.93 (0.39-2.19) 0.97
Residence     
Urban 32(11,6) 244(88,4) 1.00 ---
Rular 11(10.1) 98(89.9) 0.86 (0.39-1.85) 0.67
Marital Status     
Married 41(10.8) 337(89.2) 3.29 (0.43-20.00) 0.18
Single/divorced/widowed 2(28.6) 5(71.4) 1.00 ---
Gravidity     
Primagravida 12(9.2) 119(90.8) 1.00 ---
Multigravida 31(12.2) 223(87.8) 1.38 (0.65-2.96) 0.47
Gestational stage at screening     
First trimester 3(15%) 17(85.0%) 1.00 ---
Second trimester 33(13%) 221(87%) 0.85 (0.22-3.85) 0.50
Third trimester 7(6.3%) 104(93.7%) 0.38 (0.08-2.08) 0.18
Stillbirth     
Yes 5 (19.2) 21 (80.8) 2.01 (0.62-6.08) 0.15
No 38(10.6) 321(89.4) 1.00 ---
Miscarriage     
Yes 11(19.3) 46 (80.7) 2.21 (0.97-4.96) 0.03
No 32 (9.8) 296(90.2) 1.00 ---
Occupation     
Employed 9(11.4) 70(88.6) 1.00 ---
Housewife 29(10.6) 245(89.4) 0.92 (0.39-2.20) 0.83
Student 1(7.7) 12(92.3) 0.65 (0.03-5.93) 0.57
Merchant 4(21.1) 15(78.9) 2.07 (0.46-8.85) 0.22
Education     
Illitrate 12(9.4) 116(90.6) 0.81 (0.35-1.84) 0.72
Elementary 12(13.5) 77(86.5) 1.22 (0.53-2.81) 0.75
Secondary and above 19(11.3) 149(88.7) 1.00 ---
Overall 43(11.2) 342(88.8)   
  1. COR: crude odds ratio.