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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of associated factors for Syphilis seropositivity among pregnant women from February to June 2011

From: Seroprevalence of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus infections among pregnant women who attend the University of Gondar teaching hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Characteristics Syphilis COR (95%CI) P-value
Positive Negatives
Age category     
<20 2(3.1) 62(96.9) 1.88 (0.23-12.29) 0.37
21-29 4(1.7) 233(98.3) 1.00 ---
≥30 5(6.0) 79(94) 3.69 (0.83-16.82) 0.06
Residence     
Urban 6(2.2) 270(97.8) 1.00 ---
Rular 5(4.6) 104(95.4) 2.16 (0.56-8.22) 0.17
Marital Status     
Married 11(2.9) 367(97.1) Undefined 0.81
Single/divorced/widowed 0(0.0) 7(100) 1.00 ---
Gravidity     
Primagravida 1(0.8) 130(99.2) 1.00 ---
Multigravida 10(3.9) 244(96.1) 5.33 (0.69-112.46) 0.07
Gestational stage at screening     
First trimester 0(0.0) 20(5.3%) 1.00 ---
Second trimester 5(2.0%) 249(98%) Undefined 0.68
Third trimester 6(5,4%) 105(94.6%) Undefined 0.36
Stillbirth     
Yes 2(7.7) 24(92.3) 3.24(0.00-17.54) 0.17
No 9 (2.5) 350(97.5) 1.00 ---
Miscarriage     
Yes 3(5.3) 54 (94.7) 2.22 (0.54-9.60) 0.21
No 8(2.4) 320(97.6) 1.00 ---
Occupation     
Employed 0(0) 79(100) 1.00 ---
Housewife 11(4.0) 263(96.0) Undefined 0.05
Student 0(0.0) 13 (100) Undefined NA
Merchant 0(0.0) 19(100) Undefined NA
Education     
Illitrate 4(3.1) 124(96.9) 0.23 (0.02-6.03) 0.26
Elementary 6(6.7) 83(93.3) 0.51 (0.05-12.73) 0.46
Secondary and above 1(0.6) 167(99.4) 1.00 ---
Over all 11(2.9) 374 (97.1)   
  1. COR: crude odds ratio, NA: Not applicable.