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Table 2 Risk factors associated with LTBI among male and female prisoners

From: Active and latent tuberculosis in Brazilian correctional facilities: a cross-sectional study

  Male (N = 2752) Female (N = 511)
Variables Crude PR Adjusted PR Crude PR Adjusted PR
Sociodemographics     
  Age, per year 0.99 (0.98-0.99) 1.02 (0.67-1.53) 1.03 (1.00-1.05) 1.03 (1.01-1.06)
  Marital status, single 0.89 (0.76-1.04)   0.84 (0.48-1.48)  
  Race     
   White    
   Mixed 1.31 (1.08-1.59) 1.34 (1.10-1.63) 1.36 (0.69-2.71)
   Black 1.40 (1.08-1.81) 1.43 (1.10-1.86) 2.32 (0.89-6.04)
   Indigenous 1.28 (0.63-2.60) 1.25 (0.59-2.68)  
   Asian 1.72 (1.07-2.76) 1.80(1.12-2.90)  
  Resides in MS 0.83 (0.71-0.98)   1.13 (0.67-1.89)  
  No education 0.82 (0.69-0.96)   0.68 (0.41-1.13)  
  Diabetes 1.14 (0.71-1.82)   0.34 (0.05-2.41)  
  Current smoker 1.21 (1.03-1.42)   1.74 (1.01-2.98)  
  Drug use over the last year 1.21 (1.02-1.42) 1.29 (1.08-1.54) 1.05 (0.62-1.75)  
BCG scar     
  Previous TB 1.50 (1.14-1.98)   3.14 (1.42-6.91) 3.79 (1.52-9.47)
  HIV-positive 1.34 (0.79-2.27)   0.90 (0.13-6.44)  
Prison     
  Previously incarcerated 1.24 (1.05-1.48)   1.39 (0.83-2.33) 2.44 (1.17-5.10)*
  Knows someone with TB 1.16 (0.98-1.37)   2.55 (1.54-4.24) 2.02 (1.16-3.52)
  Prisoners per cell, per person 0.99 (0.98-1.00)   1.02 (1.01-1.04) 1.02 (1.01-1.04)
  Duration of incarceration, years 1.04 (1.01-1.07) 1.04 (1.01-1.07) 1.06 (0.87-1.31) 1.34 (1.06-1.70)*
  Other prisoners coughing in the cell 1.04 (0.88-1.24)   1.05 (0.61-1.78)  
  1. *Adjusted for significant interaction term between these variables (p = 0.01).