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Table 1 Sociodemographics, prison variables and tuberculin skin test results stratified by gender in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (N = 3,380)

From: Active and latent tuberculosis in Brazilian correctional facilities: a cross-sectional study

  Gender  
(Number/percentage)
Variables Male Female P value
N = 2,861 N = 519
TST-positive 620/2752 (22.5) 60/511 (11.7) <0.01
Active TB 29/2861 (1) 2/519 (0) 0.2
Reason for admission    <0.01
  Drug trafficking 1142/2360 (48) 383/437 (88)  
  Theft 741/2360 (31) 30/437 (7)  
  Homicide 324/2360 (14) 14/437 (3)  
  Sexual abuse 64/2360 (3) 1/437 (0)  
  Other 87/2360 (4) 9/437 (2)  
Sociodemographics    
  Age, years, mean ± SD 32 ± 10 32 ± 10 0.52
  Marital status, single 1522/2840 (54) 332/506 (66) <0.01
  Race    <0.01
   White 912/2747 (33) 137/470 (29)  
   Mixed 1366/2747 (50) 283/470 (60)
   Black 370/2747 (14) 34/470 (7)
   Indigenous 37/2747 (1) 4/470 (1)
   Asian 62/2747 (2) 12/470 (3)
  Resides in MS 1889/2861(66) 277/519 (53) <0.01
  Less than 4 years of schooling 1195/2794 (43) 282/514 (55) <0.01
  Diabetes 78/2399 (3) 22/494 (5) 0.18
  Current smoker 1551/2830 (55) 284/519 (55) 0.97
  Drug use over the last year 1543/2861(54) 199/519 (38) <0.01
  Previous TB 176/2817 (6) 14/518 (3) <0.01
  HIV-positive 45/2847 (1.6) 10/518 (1.9) 0.56
Prison    
  Previously incarcerated 1758/2836 (62) 207/517 (40) <0.01
  Knows someone with TB 1196/2784 (43) 124/511 (24) <0.01
  Prisoners per cell, mean ± SD 16 ± 12 22 ± 15 <0.01
  Duration of incarceration, months, mean ± SD 20 ± 27 12 ± 13 <0.01
  Other prisoners coughing in the cell 845/2830 (30) 211/517 (41) <0.01